Dialysis and Transplantation

Section edited by Giorgina Piccoli

The Dialysis and Transplantation section considers both interventional and non-interventional clinical research studies, including controlled trials and case control studies. This section does not consider basic experimental research, large epidemiological studies, or case reports. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should be directed to the ‘Epidemiology and Health Outcomes’ section, and Case reports should be directed to our dedicated ‘Case Report’ section

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  1. Research article

    Poor predictability of QuantiFERON-TB assay in recipients and donors for tuberculosis development after kidney transplantation in an intermediate-TB-burden country

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a common opportunistic infection after kidney transplantation (KT). The QuantiFERON-TB-Gold In-Tube test (QFT) is widely used for assessing latent TB; however, it is currently unclear whet...

    Enkthuya Jambaldorj, Miyeun Han, Jong Cheol Jeong, Tai Yeon Koo, Sang Il Min, Eun Young Song, Jongwon Ha, Curie Ahn and Jaeseok Yang

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:88

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Relationship between history of coronary heart disease at dialysis initiation and onset of events associated with heart disease: a propensity-matched analysis of a prospective cohort study

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, and a number of reports have shown a relationship between CKD and CVD in pre-dialysis or maintenance dialysis...

    Daijo Inaguma, Shigehisa Koide, Kazuo Takahashi, Hiroki Hayashi, Midori Hasegawa and Yukio Yuzawa

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:79

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Early versus late initiation of renal replacement therapy in patients with acute kidney injury-a systematic review & meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in the critically ill patients and associated with a substantial morbidity and mortality. Severe AKI may be associated with up to 60% hospital mortality. Over...

    Girish Chandra Bhatt and Rashmi Ranjan Das

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:78

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Non anti-coagulant factors associated with filter life in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT): a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Optimising filter life and performance efficiency in continuous renal replacement therapy has been a focus of considerable recent research. Larger high quality studies have predominantly focussed on optimal an...

    Matthew Brain, Elizabeth Winson, Owen Roodenburg and John McNeil

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:69

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  5. Research article

    Prediction of clinical outcomes after kidney transplantation from deceased donors with acute kidney injury: a comparison of the KDIGO and AKIN criteria

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently detected in deceased donors (DDs), and it could be associated with adverse clinical outcomes in corresponding kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). In this regard, we sou...

    Jeong Ho Kim, Young Soo Kim, Min Seok Choi, Young Ok Kim, Sun Ae Yoon, Ji-Il Kim, In Sung Moon, Bum Soon Choi, Cheol Whee Park, Chul Woo Yang, Yong-Soo Kim and Byung Ha Chung

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:39

    Published on: 27 January 2017

  6. Debate

    Diet in chronic kidney disease in a Mediterranean African country

    Mediterranean diet is characterized by low to moderate consumption of animal protein and high consumption of fruits, vegetables, bread, beans, nuts, seeds and other cereals. It has been associated with reduced...

    Khawla Kammoun, Hanen Chaker, Hichem Mahfoudh, Nouha Makhlouf, Faical Jarraya and Jamil Hachicha

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:34

    Published on: 23 January 2017

  7. Research article

    The reverse remodeling of the aorta in patients after renal transplantation - the value of aortic stiffness index: prospective echocardiographic study

    Atherosclerosis is regarded as a combination of two major separate diseases: atherosis and sclerosis. Sclerotic component depends on deterioration of elastic properties of the aortic wall and is called aortic ...

    Tomasz Zapolski, Jacek Furmaga, Andrzej Jaroszyński, Anna Wysocka, Sławomir Rudzki and Andrzej P. Wysokiński

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:33

    Published on: 23 January 2017

  8. Study protocol

    A comparison of the effects of oral vs. intravenous hydration on subclinical acute kidney injury in living kidney donors: a protocol of a randomised controlled trial

    Optimal treatment for established renal failure is living donor kidney transplantation. However this pathway exposes healthy individuals to significant reduction in nephron mass via major surgical procedure. L...

    Shona Mackinnon, Emma Aitken, Ryan Ghita and Marc Clancy

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:30

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  9. Research article

    Interaction between acyl-ghrelin and BMI predicts clinical outcomes in hemodialysis patients

    Ghrelin, a gastric orexigenic peptide, and body mass index (BMI) are known as inversely associated to each other and are both linked to cardiovascular (CV) risk and mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) ...

    Ilia Beberashvili, Inna Sinuani, Ada Azar, Gregory Shapiro, Leonid Feldman, Keren Doenyas-Barak, Kobi Stav and Shai Efrati

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:29

    Published on: 18 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Increased glomerulonephritis recurrence after living related donation

    Kidney transplantation confers superior outcomes for patients with end stage kidney disease, and live donor kidneys associate with superior outcomes compared to deceased donor kidneys. Modern immunosuppression...

    A. L. Kennard, S. H. Jiang and G. D. Walters

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:25

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  11. Research article

    Should patients older than 65 years be offered a second kidney transplant?

    Age and number of recipients in need of kidney re-transplantation are increasing. Re-transplantation practices and outcomes in elderly recipients are not previously explored. We aimed to retrospectively evalua...

    Kristian Heldal, Anders Hartmann, Kjersti Lønning, Torbjørn Leivestad, Anna V. Reisæter, Pål-Dag Line, Hallvard Holdaas and Karsten Midtvedt

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:13

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  12. Research article

    Skin- and Plasmaautofluorescence in hemodialysis with glucose-free or glucose-containing dialysate

    Haemodialysis (HD) patients suffer from an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Skin autofluorescence (SAF) is a strong marker for CVD. SAF indirectly measures tissue advanced glycation end products...

    Bernd Ramsauer, Gerwin Erik Engels, Reindert Graaff, Aleksandar Sikole, Stefan Arsov and Bernd Stegmayr

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:5

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  13. Research article

    Usefulness of measurement of heart rate variability by holter ECG in hemodialysis patients

    Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) is one of most common complications of hemodialysis patients. Heart rate variability (HRV) is the predictor of death in heart disease patients. However, ...

    Nanami Kida, Yoshiharu Tsubakihara, Hirota Kida, Shunro Ageta, Makoto Arai, Yoshinosuke Hamada and Nariaki Matsuura

    BMC Nephrology 2017 18:8

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  14. Research article

    The clinical and economic burden of pneumonia in patients enrolled in Medicare receiving dialysis: a retrospective, observational cohort study

    End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients receiving dialysis are at particular risk for infection. We assessed the clinical and economic burden of pneumonia in a population of Medicare-enrolled ESRD patients wit...

    Scott Sibbel, Reiko Sato, Abigail Hunt, Wendy Turenne and Steven M. Brunelli

    BMC Nephrology 2016 17:199

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  15. Research article

    Diet as a system: an observational study investigating a multi-choice system of moderately restricted low-protein diets

    There is no single, gold-standard, low-protein diet (LPD) for CKD patients; the best compliance is probably obtained by personalization. This study tests the hypothesis that a multiple choice diet network allo...

    Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Marta Nazha, Irene Capizzi, Federica Neve Vigotti, Stefania Scognamiglio, Valentina Consiglio, Elena Mongilardi, Marilisa Bilocati, Paolo Avagnina and Elisabetta Versino

    BMC Nephrology 2016 17:197

    Published on: 7 December 2016

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