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Table 2 Characteristics of males with and without renal impairment (eGFRCG/BSA < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2)

From: Prevalence of low glomerular filtration rate, proteinuria and associated risk factors in North India using Cockcroft-Gault and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation: an observational, cross-sectional study

  eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2
(n = 350)
eGFR > 60 ml/min/1.73 m2
(n = 2805)
Crude OR 95% CI
Age (years)* 56.56 (13.52) 38.04 (11.77)   
Age above 60 years* 175 (50) 151 (5.4) 17.576 13.47–22.934
Education: Less than primary* 182 (52) 1203 (42.9) 1.443 1.155–1.802
Salaried job* 68 (19.4) 728 (26) 0.688 0.521–0.908
Current smoker* 98 (28) 1017 (36.3) 0.684 0.535–0.874
Current alcohol intake* 47 (13.4) 645 (23) 0.519 0.377–0.715
Exercise (≥ 60 minutes/day) 242 (69.1) 1985 (70.8)   
BMI (kg/m2)* 22.42 (3.44) 23.30 (3.69)   
Obese by BMI (≥ 25 kg/m2)* 70 (20) 757 (27) 0.676 0.514–0.890
WC (cm)* 83.84 (11.50) 81.12 (10.73)   
Obese by WC* 147 (42) 986 (35.2) 1.336 1.066–1.675
Systolic BP (mmHg)* 130 (87–230) 128 (80–200)   
Diastolic BP (mmHg)* 84 (57–150) 80 (55–138)   
Hypertension* 150 (42.9) 889 (31.7) 1.616 1.289–2.027
Proteinuria* 34 (9.7) 43 (1.5) 6.911 4.343–10.998
Serum creatinine (mg/dl)* 1.2 (0.67–6.30) 0.89 (0.40–1.40)   
eGFR CG/BSA* (ml/min/1.73 m2) 53.47 (10.71–59.95) 86.47 (60.02–207.54)   
Haemoglobin (g/dl)* 11.23 (1.34) 11.51 (1.31)   
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl)* 98 (63–349) 92 (52–500)   
Diabetes mellitus* 47 (13.4) 210 (7.5) 1.917 1.367–2.687
NSAID intake* 41 (11.7) 194 (6.9) 1.786 1.250–2.552
Family history*
CKD, HTN, DM, MI/Stroke
20, 72, 32, 16
(5.7, 20.6, 9.1, 4.6)
43, 261, 127, 37
(1.5, 9.3, 4.5, 1.3)
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 171 (111–272) 171 (111–297)   
  1. Values are absolute numbers, means or medians; numbers in parentheses are proportions, standard deviations or range.
  2. * Differences or associations significant at p < 0.05.
  3. ¶ Odds ratio ranged from 2.5–3.5 with narrow confidence intervals (p < 0.05).
  4. OR, odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; eGFRCG/BSA, eGFR by Cockcroft-Gault equation adjusted for body surface area; BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; BP, blood pressure; NSAID, non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs; CKD, chronic kidney disease; HTN, hypertension; DM, diabetes mellitus; MI, myocardial infarction