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Table 3 Characteristics of females with and without renal impairment (eGFRCG/BSA < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2)

From: Prevalence of low glomerular filtration rate, proteinuria and associated risk factors in North India using Cockcroft-Gault and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation: an observational, cross-sectional study

  eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2
(n = 348)
eGFR > 60 ml/min/1.73 m2
(n = 1749)
Crude OR 95% CI
Age (years)* 51.47 (12.73) 34.26 (10.01)   
Age above 60 years* 98 (28.2) 42 (2.4) 15.932 10.84–23.416
Education: Less than primary* 282 (81) 1173 (67.1) 2.098 1.576–2.793
Salaried job* 14 (4) 155 (8.9) 0.431 0.246–0.754
Current smoker* 19 (5.5) 52 (3) 1.885 1.100–3.229
Current alcohol intake 2 (0.6) 15 (0.9)   
Exercise (≥ 60 minutes/day) 240 (69) 1252 (71.6)   
BMI (kg/m2)* 22.19 (3.41) 23.52 (4.28)   
Obese by BMI (≥ 25 kg/m2)* 64 (18.4) 515 (29.5) 0.537 0.402–0.718
WC (cm)* 78.36 (10.24) 77.10 (11.67)   
Obese by WC* 156 (44.8) 687 (39.3) 1.382 1.097–1.741
Systolic BP (mmHg)* 130 (100–200) 124 (85–240)   
Diastolic BP (mmHg)* 80 (60–114) 80 (50–150)   
Hypertension* 130 (37.4) 468 (26.8) 1.631 1.281–2.077
Proteinuria* 23 (6.6) 18 (1.1) 6.806 3.632–12.754
Serum creatinine (mg/dl)* 1.0 (0.6–6.20) 0.8 (0.4–1.30)   
eGFR CG/BSA* (ml/min/1.73 m2) 53.77 (8.69–59.99) 81.58 (60.06–186.08)   
Haemoglobin (g/dl) 10.79 (1.08) 10.88 (1.07)   
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl)* 95 (55–412) 89 (52–558)   
Diabetes 27 (7.8) 99 (5.7)   
NSAID intake* 61 (17.5) 177 (10.1) 1.888 1.375–2.592
Family history*
CKD, HTN, DM, MI/Stroke
5, 59, 31, 8
(1.4, 17, 8.9, 2.3)
13, 124, 69, 7
(0.7, 7.1, 3.9, 0.4)
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 168.5 (111–289) 169 (112–312.90)   
  1. Values are absolute numbers, means or medians; numbers in parentheses are proportions, standard deviations or range.
  2. * Differences or associations significant at p < 0.05.
  3. ¶ Odds ratio ranged from 2.1–2.6 with narrow confidence intervals (p < 0.05).
  4. OR, odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; eGFRCG/BSA, eGFR by Cockcroft-Gault equation adjusted for body surface area; BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; BP, blood pressure; NSAID, non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs; CKD, chronic kidney disease; HTN, hypertension; DM, diabetes mellitus; MI, myocardial infarction