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Table 5 Risk factors associated with proteinuria in multivariate logistic regression*.

From: Prevalence of low glomerular filtration rate, proteinuria and associated risk factors in North India using Cockcroft-Gault and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation: an observational, cross-sectional study

  Unadjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI
Age group     
   • 20–39 Referent Referent Referent Referent
   • 40–59 2.888 1.900–4.389 1.759 1.133–2.731
   • Above 60 3.920 2.261–6.794 2.103 1.184–3.735
NSAID intake 3.611 2.359–5.527 2.385 1.532–3.712
Obese by BMI 2.120 1.465–3.068 ns ns
Obese by WC 2.859 1.960–4.169 1.980 1.337–2.934
Hypertension 3.989 2.729–5.830 2.755 1.855–4.091
Diabetes mellitus 3.586 2.277–5.649 2.168 1.349–3.484
  1. * All associations significant at p < 0.05. Proteinuria was defined as ≥ 1+ on dipstick.
  2. OR, odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; NSAID, non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs; ns, not significant.