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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants in healthy, at-risk, and CKD groups

From: Gender differences in age-related decline in glomerular filtration rates in healthy people and chronic kidney disease patients

  Healthy group At-risk group CKD group
  male(n = 1311) female(n = 3258) male(n = 3338) female(n = 4096) male(n = 676) female(n = 897)
Age (years) 38.58 ± 13.23 38.00 ± 10.59 47.25 ± 13.14*# 50.54 ± 12.07& 51.62 ± 14.64# 50.92 ± 14.56&
BMI (kg·m -2 ) 22.93 ± 2.54* 22.44 ± 2.56 26.05 ± 3.32# 26.12 ± 3.72& 26.30 ± 3.81# 25.98 ± 4.11&
FG (mmol·L -1 ) 5.04 ± 0.45* 4.95 ± 0.43 5.72 ± 1.69# 5.79 ± 1.72& 6.28 ± 2.39# 6.09 ± 2.38&
HDL (mmol·L -1 ) 1.36 ± 0.25* 1.48 ± 0.27 1.19 ± 0.30*# 1.34 ± 0.33& 1.24 ± 0.33*# 1.34 ± 0.31&
LDL (mmol·L -1 ) 2.79 ± 0.69* 2.66 ± 0.64 3.29 ± 0.93*# 3.40 ± 0.94& 3.27 ± 1.03# 3.25 ± 0.97&
TC (mmol·L -1 ) 4.41 ± 0.71* 4.37 ± 0.68 4.97 ± 0.99*# 5.11 ± 1.01& 5.02 ± 1.04# 5.05 ± 1.06&
TG (mmol·L -1 ) 0.97 ± 0.44* 0.82 ± 0.37 1.93 ± 1.59*# 1.60 ± 1.20& 1.99 ± 1.78*# 1.65 ± 1.37&
DBP (mmHg) 76.07 ± 7.37* 72.83 ± 7.58 86.16 ± 10.98*# 84.27 ± 11.47& 88.75 ± 13.45*# 84.52 ± 12.93&
SBP (mmHg) 121.45 ± 9.24* 113.78 ± 10.97 137.23 ± 18.45# 136.92 ± 22.11& 144.51 ± 22.85*# 140.10 ± 26.68&
Low education (%) 34.23* 24.09 34.18* 46.67& 42.94*# 48.59&
Smoker (%) 56.29* 3.13 59.04* 5.74& 54.59* 7.15&
eGFR
(mL·min -1 ·1.73 m -2 )
102.07 ± 19.23* 107.72 ± 20.60 94.74 ± 19.54*# 98.24 ± 19.89& 88.49 ± 25.98*# 92.32 ± 28.72&
adj-eGFR
(mL·min -1 ·1.73 m -2 )
95.64 ± 0.60 * 102.08 ± 0.41 96.51 ± 0.34* 101.97 ± 0.34 92.28 ± 0.74*# 95.85 ± 0.67&
  1. BMI: body mass index; FG: fasting glucose; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; LDL: low-density lipoprotein; TC: total cholesterol; TG: triglyceride; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; SBP: systolic blood pressure; eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate; adj-eGFR: eGFR adjusted for age, blood pressure, fasting glucose level, serum lipid level, education level, and smoking
  2. *: Compared to women in the same health status group, p < 0.05
  3. #: Compared to men in the healthy group, p < 0.05
  4. &: Compared to women in the healthy group, p < 0.05