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Table 2 Baseline characteristics (1999 or earlier) evaluated for the prediction of ESRD (RRT) that occurred between 2000 through 2004; Table 1 explains how characteristics were measured.

From: Predicting the risk of end-stage renal disease in the population-based setting: a retrospective case-control study

Characteristic % or mean
cases
(n = 485)
% or
mean
controls
(n = 4,850)
Odds Ratio*
(95% CI)
Demographic matching    
   Age (mean, continuous) 64.4 64.4 (matched)
   Sex (%, male is referent) 45.6 45.6 (matched)
Clinical    
   BMI (%)    
<30 (referent) 51.1 52.2  
≥30 41.7 32.7 1.28 (1.06 to1.56)
Unknown 7.2 15.2  
   Current smoking (%)    
Nonsmoker (referent) 63.9 54.0  
Smoker 32.8 33.2 0.82 (0.67 to 1.00)
Unknown 3.3 12.8  
   Hypertension (%) 90.9 53.4 11.15 (8.03 to 15.48)
   Hyperlipidemia or statin (%) 62.7 42.5 2.36 (1.93 to 2.87)
   Diabetes (%) 54.0 15.9 6.67 (5.45 to 8.15)
   Coronary artery disease (%) 19.8 7.9 3.07 (2.38 to 3.98)
   Congestive heart failure (%) 25.0 4.4 8.25 (6.35 to 10.72)
   Peripheral vascular disease (%) 23.1 3.8 8.18 (6.27 to 10.67)
   Retinopathy (%) 18.1 1.1 19.41 (13.63 to 27.62)
   Kidney disease (%) 53.0 1.9 61.62 (46.61 to 81.46)
   Acute renal failure (%) 8.0 0.4 24.78 (13.90 to 44.18)
   Kidney stone (%) 2.9 2.1 1.40 (0.79 to 2.47)
   Gout/Uric acid (%) 62.7 18.3 8.20 (6.68 to 10.06)
   ACEI/ARB use (%) 65.0 19.8 8.80 (7.11 to 10.89)
Laboratory    
Renal function (GFR, %)    
   90+ (referent) 6.4 17.8  
   60-89 13.8 38.6 1.73 (1.10 to 2.70)
   <60 75.9 11.2 50.52 (32.55 to 78.42)
30-59 (Stage 3) 35.9 10.6 24.96 (15.83 to 39.36)
<30 (Stage 4 or 5) 40.0 0.6 533.51 (292.57 to 972.89)
   Unknown 3.9 32.4  
Inflammation (%)    
   No (referent) 65.0 52.7  
   Yes 24.7 11.9 1.74 (1.38 to 2.19)
   Unknown 10.3 35.4  
Urine Protein (%)    
   No (referent) 28.9 47.1  
   Yes 44.1 4.2 18.89 (14.31 to 24.73)
   Unknown 27.0 48.7  
Impaired fasting plasma glucose (%)    
   No (referent) 32.4 35.2  
   Yes 22.5 6.8 3.64 (2.77 to 4.78)
   Unknown 45.2 58.0  
  1. * Odds ratios measure the crude or unadjusted predictions except that all characteristics are adjusted for the matching characteristics: age, sex, and year.