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Table 2 Cardiovascular morbidity

From: Baseline characteristics of patients with chronic kidney disease stage 3 and stage 4 in spain: the MERENA observational cohort study

Characteristics Total
(n = 1129)
CKD Stage 3
(n= 434)
CKD Stage 4
(n= 695)
Pvalue
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) (%)a 39.1 35.6 42.2 0.024
Percentage of patients < 60years with CVD 19.8 19.2 20.1 NS
Percentage of patients > 60years with CVD 45.6 47.1 44.5 NS
Cardiac disease (%)b 35.1 31.3 38.5 0.012
Congestive heart failure (%) 17.5 15.1 19.7 0.039
Coronary artery disease (%) 21.6 20.7 22.4 0.362
Myocardial Infarction (%) 11.1 11.0 11.2 0.958
Cerebrovascular disease (%) 12.2 10.4 13.7 0.050
Peripheral vascular disease (%) 19.7 18.7 20.0 0.289
Current smoking (%) 9.6 10.5 8.8 0.410
Former smokers (%) 36.2 35.7 36.7 0.525
  1. a cardiovascular disease defined as the history of at least one of the following: ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and peripheral vascular disease.
  2. b cardiac disease defined as the history of one of the following: coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure or history of coronary revascularization