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Table 4 Characteristics at the initiation of hemodialysis of the 133 patients with and without all-cause death

From: Carotid artery calcification at the initiation of hemodialysis is a risk factor for cardiovascular events in patients with end-stage renal disease: a cohort study

Variables Death (+) Death (-) p value
No. of patients 42 (32) 91 (68)  
Age (y) 71.4 ± 8.3 61.4 ± 10.0 < 0.01
Male 27 (64) 50 (55) 0.31
Hypertension 40 (95) 85 (93) 0.67
Diabetes mellitus 23 (55) 53 (58) 0.71
Dyslipidemia 30 (71) 72 (79) 0.34
Smoking 16 (38) 43 (47) 0.32
Previous CV disease 20 (48) 32 (35) 0.17
Dose of ESA (U/week) 9000 (6000-9000) 9000 (6000-9000) 0.92
Satins 10 (24) 20 (22) 0.81
ACEI and/or ARB 16 (38) 49 (54) 0.09
SBP (mm Hg) 153 ± 15 156 ± 23 0.49
DBP (mm Hg) 77 ± 10 81 ± 10 0.03
Pulse pressure (mm Hg) 77 ± 12 75 ± 18 0.55
Body mass index (kg/m2) 20 (17-23) 21 (19-22) 0.23
Blood urea nitrogen (mg/dL) 89 (73-102) 92 (81-114) 0.09
Serum creatinine (mg/dL) 9.3 (6.9-10.3) 9.2 (8.0-10.7) 0.30
Up/Ucr 4.3 (1.9-7.9) 4.7 (1.9-7.9) 0.66
Serum albumin (g/dL) 3.1 ± 0.5 3.3 ± 0.6 0.11
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 8.3 ± 1.3 8.2 ± 1.3 0.86
Ca-P product (mg2/dL2) 51.2 (42.1-57.5) 53.7 (44.2-65.3) 0.18
C-reactive protein (mg/dL) 0.18 (0.07-0.51) 0.07 (0.04-0.25) 0.04
intact-PTH (pg/mL) 235 (168-273) 250 (148-390) 0.32
CCA-IMT (mm) 0.83 (0.74-1.12) 0.76 (0.64-0.90) < 0.01
CAP 32 (76) 54 (59) 0.05
Calcified plaque 23 (55) 23 (25) < 0.01
CAAC 37 (88) 57 (63) < 0.01
AAC 28 (67) 44 (48) < 0.05
Low ABI 12 (29) 9 (10) < 0.01
Duration of follow-up (months) 29.1 (17.8-48.5) 53.6 (45.4-67.8) < 0.01
  1. Values are expressed as the mean ± SD, number (%), or median (interquartile range). Abbreviations: CV, cardiovascular; ESA, erythropoiesis-stimulating agents; ACEI, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors; ARB, angiotensin II receptor blockers; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; Up/Ucr, urinary protein-creatinine ratio; Ca-P, calcium-phosphorus; PTH, parathyroid hormone; CCA-IMT, common carotid artery intima-media thickness; CAP carotid artery plaque; CAAC, carotid artery calcification; AAC, aortic arch calcification; ABI, ankle-brachial index.