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Table 5 Risk factors for all-cause mortality by Cox analysis

From: Carotid artery calcification at the initiation of hemodialysis is a risk factor for cardiovascular events in patients with end-stage renal disease: a cohort study

  Univariate Multivariatea
Variable HR 95%CI p value HR 95% CI p value
Age 1.08 1.05-1.12 < 0.01 1.09 1.05-1.14 < 0.01
Male 1.33 0.72-2.56 0.37 - - -
Hypertension 1.33 0.41-8.1
6
0.68 - - -
Diabetes Mellitus 0.92 0.50-1.71 0.79 - - -
Dyslipidemia 0.73 0.38-1.49 0.37 - - -
Smoking 0.81 0.43-1.49 0.50 - - -
Previous CV disease 1.39 0.75-2.55 0.29 - - -
Pulse pressure (mm Hg) 1.00 0.99-1.02 0.65 - - -
Body mass index (kg/m2) 0.96 0.87-1.05 0.33 - - -
Up/Ucr 1.02 0.97-1.07 0.38 - - -
Serum albumin (g/dL) 0.62 0.38-1.00 0.05 0.89 0.51-1.58 0.67
Ca-P product (mg2/dL2) 0.98 0.96-1.00 0.11 - - -
C-reactive protein (mg/dL) 1.64 0.95-2.58 0.07 1.68 0.91-2.92 0.10
intact-PTH (pg/mL) 1.00 0.996-1.00 0.14 - - -
CCA-IMT (mm) 3.76 1.58-8.05 < 0.01 2.20 0.76-6.00 0.14
CAP 1.80 0.92-3.86 0.09 0.59 0.24-1.61 0.29
CAAC 3.87 1.66-11.3 < 0.01 1.83 0.55-6.63 0.33
AAC 1.87 1.00-3.66 < 0.05 0.89 0.43-1.92 0.76
Low ABI 2.70 1.33-5.15 < 0.01 1.83 0.78-3.94 0.16
  1. Abbreviations: HR, hazard ratio; CI, confidence interval; CV, cardiovascular; Up/Ucr, urinary protein-creatinine ratio; Ca-P, calcium-phosphorus; PTH, parathyroid hormone; CCA-IMT, common carotid artery-intima-media thickness; CAP, carotid artery plaque; CAAC, carotid artery calcification; AAC, aortic arch calcification; ABI, ankle-brachial index. a The multivariate model includes variables for which p < 0.10 by univariate analysis.