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Table 4 Results of studied groups: antioxidants and lipid peroxidation biomarker.

From: The relationships between exogenous and endogenous antioxidants with the lipid profile and oxidative damage in hemodialysis patients

Biomarkers Healthy Subjects (n = 20) Hemodialysis Patients (n = 29)
  Men (n = 10) Women (n = 10) Men (n = 19) Women (n = 10)
GSH (μmol.g/Hb) 6.03 ± 0.26 7.87 ± 0.27a
  5.6 ± 0.2 6.5 ± 0.4 7.8 ± 0.4 7.9 ± 0.4
CAT (K/mg Hb) 27.96 ± 4.18 56.99 ± 4.25a
  26.6 ± 6.9 29.3 ± 5.2 55.5 ± 5.5 61.1 ± 7.5
GPx 11.57 ± 0.39 6.61 ± 0.21a
(μmol NADPH.min/g Hb) 12.2 ± 0.5 11.0 ± 0.5 6.5 ± 0.3 7.0 ± 0.3
SOD (U SOD/mg Hb) 0.69 ± 0.49 0.91 ± 0.03a
  0.6 ± 0.04 0.8 ± 0.07 0.9 ± 0.05 0.9 ± 0.05
MDA (μmol/L) 4.53 ± 0.16 6.92 ± 0.36a
  4.3 ± 0.2 4.8 ± 0.3 7.4 ± 0.6 6.1 ± 0.2
  1. The values represent the mean ± standard error of the mean (SEM).
  2. a p < 0.05 when compared with healthy subjects.
  3. Abbreviations: GSH: reduced glutathione; CAT: catalase activity; GPX: glutathione peroxidase activity;
  4. SOD: superoxide dismutase activity; MDA: malondialdehyde.