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Table 1 Patient characteristics by CKD status

From: Chronic kidney disease and use of dental services in a united states public healthcare system: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristic No CKD
n = 4,263
CKD
n = 2,235
P-value
Had dental visit, n (%) 741 (17.4) 245 (11.0) < 0.001
Years follow-up, mean (SD) 4.3 (1.2) 4.5 (1.2) < 0.001
Age group, n (% characteristic)    < 0.001
20-45 1,210 (28.4) 215 (9.6)  
46-64 2,250 (52.8) 1,011 (45.2)  
65+ 803 (18.8) 1,009 (45.1)  
Gender, n (% characteristic)    0.001
Male 2,193 (51.4) 1,052 (47.1)  
Female 2,070 (48.6) 1,182 (52.9)  
Race/Ethnicity, n (% characteristic)    < 0.001
White 996 (23.5) 490 (22.1)  
Black 1,283 (30.3) 500 (22.6)  
Hispanic 893 (21.1) 382 (17.2)  
Asian 986 (23.3) 781 (35.2)  
Other 80 (1.9) 64 (2.9)  
Language, n (% characteristic)    < 0.001
English 2,958 (70.4) 1,467 (67.0)  
Spanish 568 (13.5) 234 (10.7)  
Chinese 443 (10.6) 306 (14.0)  
Other 232 (5.5) 182 (8.3)  
Diabetes    < 0.001
No 2,871 (67.3) 1,052 (47.1)  
Yes 1,392 (32.7) 1,183 (52.9)  
Insurance, n (% characteristic)    < 0.001
Medicare 1,381 (32.4) 1,275 (57.1)  
Medicaid 1,226 (28.8) 576 (25.8)  
Other 1,654 (38.8) 382 (17.1)  
Monthly income    < 0.001
$0 1,415 (33.2) 649 (29.0)  
$1-$500 1,780 (41.8) 1,060 (47.4)  
$501-$1000 1,068 (25.0) 526 (23.5)