Skip to main content

Table 5 Comparison of basic demographics and geriatric conditions between elderly dialysis patients and elderly cancer patients

From: Systematic comprehensive geriatric assessment in elderly patients on chronic dialysis: a cross-sectional comparative and feasibility study

Variable Dialysis Patients (N = 50) Cancer Patients (N = 292) p-value
Age, mean (years) (95% CI) 77.1 (75.2–79.0) 75.7 (74.9–76.6) 0.23
Sex, male % 74.0 51.7 0.01
Somatic geriatric conditions    
Polypharmacy, % 94.6 48.0 <0.001
Moderately-severely malnourished % 32.7 (16/49) 46.0 (104/226) 0.09
Pain, % 24.0 (12/50) 64.8 (83/128) <0.001
Decubitus, % 2.1 (1/47) 1.4 (2/139) 0.76
Constipation, % 6.3 (3/48) 22.1 (34/154) 0.001
Incontinence for faeces or urine, % 6.4 (3/47) 25.2 (67/266) 0.01
Falls (2 or more falls in last 3 months), % 10.4 (5/48) 12.7 (33/259) 0.65
Charlson co morbidity score, mean (95% CI) 4.6 (0.1–9.1) 5.6 (0.7–10.5)  
Functional geriatric conditions    
KATZ total”, mean (95% CI) 2.0 (1.2–2.8) 3.3 (2.9–3.6) 0.01
≥ 1 limitations Katz, % 61.7 79.1 0.01
ADL impairment”, %, 25.0 (12/48) 38.1 (106/278) <0.001
mean, (95% CI) 0.5, (0.2–0.8) 0.8, (0.6–1.0)  
IADL impairment”, %, 59.6 (28/47) 76.9 (196/255) 0.01
mean, (95% CI) 1.5, (0.9–2.1) 2.4, (2.2–2.7)  
Neurosensory deficit, % 44.4 (12/27) 26.0 (71/273) 0.04
Use of walking device, % 31.3 (15/48) 47.9 (134/280) 0.03
Decreased health related quality of life, % 9.8 12.0 NA,^
Euroqol VAS, mean, (95% CI) 61.8 (56.5–67.1) NA NA
Psychological geriatric conditions    
Cognitive impairment (MMSE ≤ 24), % 6.7 (3/45) NA, * NA
IQCODE score, mean, (95% CI) 3.1(2.9–3.3) (N = 34) 3.3 (3.2–3.4) (N = 205) 0.09
Cognitive impairment (IQCODE), % 5.9 (2/34) 15.7 (31/197) 0.13
Depressive symptoms, % 24.5 21.3 NA,^^
Delirium, % 0.0 27.4 (62/288) <0.001
Social geriatric conditions    
Informal caregiver overburdened, % 84.4 (38/45) 43.8 (49/112) <0.001
Number of geriatric problems, mean (95%CI) 5.9 (5.3–6.5) 5.3 (4.9–5.7) 0.47
No geriatric conditions found, % 2 (1/51) 8.2 (24/295) 0.03
  1. 95%CI 95% confidence interval.
  2. “KATZ total score 0–15; ADL impairment: KATZ- questions 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8: score 0–6; IADL impairment: KATZ- questions 9–15: score 0–7; higher score means more impaired.
  3. NA Not applicable.
  4. ^Quality of Life was assessed in ESRD patients by EuroQuol-6D and in cancer patients by EuroQuol-5D.
  5. *MMSE unreliable due to many delirious patients.
  6. ^^Depression was assessed in ESRD patients by GDS-15 and in cancer patients by GDS-2.