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Table 2 Micro-organisms isolated from dialysate cultures during first episodes of peritonitis in Australian PD patients during the period 2003–2008, according to patient proximity to their nearest PD unit

From: The effects of living distantly from peritoneal dialysis units on peritonitis risk, microbiology, treatment and outcomes: a multi-centre registry study

Micro-organism ≥100 km from PD Unit (n = 193) <100 km from PD Unit (n = 2915) P value
Culture-negative 32 (17%) 409 (14%) 0.3
Gram positive 110 (57%) 1555 (53%) 0.3
S. aureus 35 (18%) 353 (12%) 0.01
Coagulase-negative staphylococci 51 (26%) 734 (25%) 0.7
Streptococci 19 (10%) 261 (9%) 0.7
Enterococci 8 (4%) 118 (4%) 0.9
Corynebacterium 0 (0%) 58 (2%) 0.05
Pseudomonas 10 (5%) 155 (5%) 0.9
Non-Pseudomonas Gram-negative 33 (17%) 730 (25%) 0.01
Fungal 6 (3%) 116 (4%) 0.5
Mycobacterium 0 (0%) 11 (0.4%) 0.4
Polymicrobial 19 (10%) 362 (12%) 0.3