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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate, albuminuria, and oxidant status in the Japanese population

  Whole subjects     Women     Men     P value
No. of subjects 8335     2958     5377     0.862
Age, years 59.7 ± 10.4     59.7 ± 10.1     59.6 ± 10.5     <0.001
BMI, kg/m2 23.2 ± 3.3     21.8 ± 3.3     24.1 ± 3.1     <0.001
Waist circumference, cm 83.3 ± 9.4     78.6 ± 9.5     85.9 ± 8.3     <0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 125.0 ± 17.7     120.4 ± 18.7     127.6 ± 16.6     <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 78.3 ± 10.7     74.4 ± 10.8     80.6 ± 10.0     <0.001
Heart rate, bpm 62.5 ± 9.2     63.2 ± 8.9     62.2 ± 9.4     <0.001
Laboratory data
 LDL Cholesterol, mg/dL 124.0 ± 29.8     127.2 ± 31.1     122.3 ± 28.9     <0.001
 HDL Cholesterol, mg/dL 62.0 ± 15.4     69.7 ± 15.1     57.8 ± 13.8     <0.001
 Triglycerides, mg/dL 118 ± 76.6     91 ± 46.7     132 ± 85.4     <0.001
 C-reactive protein, mg/dL 0.04 ( 0.02 - 0.08 ) 0.03 ( 0.01 - 0.06 ) 0.04 ( 0.02 - 0.09 ) <0.001
 FBS, mg/dL 101.7 ± 19.1     96.1 ± 17.1     104.7 ± 19.5     <0.001
 HbA1C,% 5.5 ± 0.6     5.4 ± 0.5     5.5 ± 0.6     <0.001
 BUN, U/L 14.9 ± 3.7     14.4 ± 3.6     15.1 ± 3.8     <0.001
 Creatinine, mg/dL 0.8 ± 0.2     0.6 ± 0.1     0.9 ± 0.2     <0.001
 eGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2 73.5 ( 65.1 - 82.6 ) 75.6 ( 66.5 - 85.1 ) 72.3 ( 64.5 - 81.4 ) <0.001
 UAER, mg/g Cr 5.8 ( 3.3 - 12.8 ) 7.3 ( 4.3 - 14.5 ) 5.0 ( 2.9 - 11.5 ) <0.001
Oxidative stress markers
 d-ROM, CARR U 338 ± 66     369 ± 68     321 ± 59     <0.001
 BAP, μmol/L 2430 ± 251     2468 ± 239     2408 ± 255     <0.001
Smoking status
 Never (%) 4069 ( 48.8 )    2430 ( 82.2 )    1639 ( 30.5 )    <0.001
 Former (%) 3118 ( 37.4 )    355 ( 12.0 )    2463 ( 51.4 )    
 Current (%) 1148 ( 13.8 )    173 ( 5.8 )    975 ( 18.1 )    
Medication
 Antihypertensive (%) 1815 ( 21.8 )    457 ( 15.4 )    1358 ( 25.3 )    <0.001
 Glucose lowering (%) 355 ( 4.3 )    69 ( 2.3 )    286 ( 5.3 )    <0.001
 Lipid lowering (%) 871 ( 10.4 )    339 ( 11.5 )    532 ( 9.9 )    0.025
  1. Triglycerides, C-reactive protein, and UAER were expressed as median (interquartile range).