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Table 2 Quality of life, depression, daytime sleepiness, sleep quality and RLS symptom’s severity data divided in three groups divided in three groups according to the assigned intervention

From: Effect of exercise training and dopamine agonists in patients with uremic restless legs syndrome: a six-month randomized, partially double-blind, placebo-controlled comparative study

Variables Exercise group Dopamine agonists group Placebo group
Sleep Diary    
Baseline 7.69±5.51 10.28±2.87 8.42±5.09
6-m post 7.30±4.13 5.85±3.71† 8.85±4.09
Δ Change −0.71±3.22 - 4.42±3.10#¶ 0.42±2.7
95% CI of Δ change −2.49 to 1.07 −7.28 to −1.56 2.91 to −2.07
Epworth Sleepiness Scale    
Baseline 5.15±2.54 7.85±5.24 8.71±5.37
6-m post 5.15±2.47 5.42±1.98 8.42±4.92
Δ Change −0.35±2.73 −2.42±5.38 - 0.28±4.19
95% CI of Δ change −1.85 to 1.15 −7.39 to 2.55 −4.15 to 3.59
Zung Depression Scale    
Baseline 43.45±8.06 46.85±13.49 37.85±12.15
6-m post 35.84±6.38†# 39.42±4.35 43.71±11.17†¶
Δ Change −8.28±7.91# −7.42±10.34# 5.85±6.41
95% CI of Δ change −12.60 to −3.91 −16.96 to 2.12 11.70 to −0.07
IRLS score    
Baseline 25.14±9.09 24.14±5.55 19.71±7.49
6-m post 13.42±11.28† 11.57±7.84† 18.57±10.65
Δ Change −13.12±8.59# - 12.57±5.31# - 1.14±8.43
95% CI of Δ change −17.87 to −8.37 −17.47 to −7.67 −8.93 to 6.65
SF-36 MCS score    
Baseline 61.1±22.0 39.1±23.8 68.1±19.1
6-m post 70.4±18.7 63.0±17.0† 65.0±21.9
Δ Change 9.3±26.7 23.8±14.1 3.1±9.8
95% CI of Δ change 24.1 to 5.4 36.9 to 10.7 5.9 to −12.2
SF-36 PCS score    
Baseline 64.9±18.6 48.7±21.0 64.4±22.5
6-m post 76.4±15.6† 68.8±19.2† 70.5±26.5
Δ Change 11.5±18.4 20.1±6.0 6.1±5.7
95% CI of Δ change 21.7 to 1.2 25.7 to 14.5 20.2 to −7.9
  1. All data are mean ± SD. Abbreviations: IRLS International restless legs syndrome severity scale, SF-36 Self reported quality of life questionnaire, MCS Mental component summary, PCS Physical component summary.
  2. #Significantly different than placebo group.
  3. ¶Significantly different than exercise group.
  4. Significantly different from the respective baseline value.