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Table 3 Adjusted odd ratios for vascular and renal events and mortality of 35,502 people with diabetes, over 30 months of follow up, by CKD and hypertension category

From: Association of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and failure to monitor renal function with adverse outcomes in people with diabetes: a primary care cohort study

  Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis (MLM)
  Odds ratio (95% CI) P = Odds ratio (95% CI) P =
No Hypertension     
Renal function not monitored 1.21 (1.00-1.47) 0.053 1.32 (1.07-1.64) 0.011
No CKD 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference) -
CKD all stages 3.86 (2.15-6.94) <0.001 1.34 (0.93-1.92) 0.117
Hypertension     
Renal function not monitored 2.07 (1.76-2.43) <0.001 1.35 (1.13-1.63) 0.001
No CKD 1.16 (1.01-1.33) 0.038 0.97 (0.84-1.11) 0.629
CKD stages 1–2 1.66 (1.48-1.88) <0.001 1.19 (1.03-1.36) 0.015
CKD stages 3–5 2.39 (2.10-2.73) <0.001 1.13 (0.98-1.31) 0.090
CKD stages 3–5 with proteinuria 4.38 (3.88-4.94) <0.001 1.58 (1.36-1.83) <0.001
  1. Abbreviation: CI, confidence interval.