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Table 4 Adjusted hazard ratios (Cox regression analysis) for adverse outcomes in 35,502 people with diabetes, over 30 months of follow up, by CKD and hypertension category

From: Association of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and failure to monitor renal function with adverse outcomes in people with diabetes: a primary care cohort study

  Hazard ratio (95% CI) P =
No Hypertension   
Renal function not monitored 1.49 (1.23-1.80) 0.011
No CKD 1.00 (reference) -
CKD all stages 1.62 (0.76-3.42) 0.060
Hypertension   
Renal function not monitored 1.55 (1.32-1.82) <0.001
No CKD 0.98 (0.85-1.12) 0.765
CKD stages 1–2 1.31 (1.16-1.47) <0.001
CKD stages 3–5 1.14 (1.00-1.31) 0.050
CKD stages 3–5 with proteinuria 1.72 (1.52-1.95) <0.001
  1. Abbreviation: CI, confidence interval.