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Table 2 Pooled hazard ratio for ESRD on dialysis and CKD not on dialysis

From: Vitamin D supplementation and mortality risk in chronic kidney disease: a meta-analysis of 20 observational studies

Patient group # patients Hazard ratio # studies I2, %
Patients with CKD not on dialysis     
 Crude all-cause mortality 2603 0.61 (0.48–0.77) 3 29.2
 Adjusted all-cause mortality 2603 0.59 (0.35–0.99) 3 79
Patients with ESRD on dialysis     
 Crude all-cause mortality 109628 0.65 (0.58–0.73) 11 95
 Adjusted all-cause mortality 66639 0.80 (0.68–0.94) 6 94.4