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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of women with different self-reported drinking histories

From: Alcohol consumption is inversely associated with stage 3 chronic kidney disease in middle-aged Taiwanese men

  Over all Non-drinkers Occasional drinkers Frequent drinkers p
Variable (n = 15353) (n = 14653) (n = 654) (n = 46)
Age (years) 57.18 ± 11.59 57.49 ± 11.62 50.80 ± 8.77 48.74 ± 8.84 <0.001
CKD, n (%) 2209(14.4) 2148(14.7) 58(8.9) 3(6.5) <0.001
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 78.74 ± 17.45 78.58 ± 17.49 81.78 ± 16.28 84.78 ± 16.51 <0.001
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.83 ± 0.17 0.83 ± 0.17 0.82 ± 0.14 0.80 ± 0.13 0.005
Hypertension, n (%) 6187(40.3) 5998(40.9) 171(26.1) 18(39.1) <0.001
Systolic BP (mmHg) 130.40 ± 21.18 130.69 ± 21.23 124.05 ± 19.02 127.70 ± 19.28 <0.001
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 75.14 ± 11.83 75.14 ± 11.81 74.65 ± 12.11 80.39 ± 13.29 0.006
Hyperlipidemia, n (%) 544(3.5) 524(3.6) 19(2.9) 1(2.2) 0.584
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 213.88 ± 41.00 214.06 ± 41.06 210.06 ± 39.42 211.37 ± 43.25 0.046
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 125.78 ± 96.20 126.17 ± 96.86 114.20 ± 73.61 167.43 ± 141.03 <0.001
Hyperuricemia, n (%) 1912(12.5) 1829(12.5) 78(11.9) 5(10.9) 0.868
Uric acid (mg/dL) 5.44 ± 1.44 5.44 ± 1.45 5.44 ± 1.37 5.67 ± 1.13 0.538
Diabetes, n (%) 1801(11.7) 1758(12.0) 42(6.4) 1(2.2) <0.001
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL) 102.69 ± 35.94 102.94 ± 36.36 97.50 ± 25.49 96.15 ± 16.30 <0.001
Liver dysfunction, n (%) 1894(12.3) 1797(12.3) 88(13.5) 9(19.6) 0.217
ALT (IU/L) 28.92 ± 38.35 28.93 ± 38.77 28.50 ± 28.79 28.93 ± 18.77 0.960
Anemia, n (%) 1711(11.1) 1632(4.3) 73(11.2) 6(13.0) 0.919
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 13.36 ± 1.32 13.36 ± 1.32 13.36 ± 1.36 13.47 ± 1.41 0.847
WBC counts (103/μL) 6.00 ± 1.73 6.00 ± 1.73 5.96 ± 1.66 6.31 ± 1.92 0.390
Proteinuria, n (%) 1326(8.6) 1278(8.7) 43(6.6) 5(10.9) 0.139
BMI (kg/m2) 24.93 ± 4.60 24.95 ± 4.64 24.69 ± 3.69 24.37 ± 3.74 0.268
Smoking, n (%) 222(1.4) 150(1.0) 59(9.0) 13(28.3) <0.001
Betel nut chewing, n (%) 63(0.4) 35(0.2) 24(3.7) 4(8.7) <0.001