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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of the association of alcohol consumption with chronic kidney disease in men based on three models *

From: Alcohol consumption is inversely associated with stage 3 chronic kidney disease in middle-aged Taiwanese men

N = 11,900 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Multivariable OR p Multivariable OR p Multivariable OR p
  (95% CI)   (95% CI)   (95% CI)  
Age ≥ 65 years 5.53(4.97-6.15) <0.001 5.54(4.97-6.17) <0.001 5.07(4.52-5.70) <0.001
Smoking    0.95(0.83-1.09) 0.460 1.02(0.89-1.18) 0.766
Betel nut chewing    1.09(0.91-1.32) 0.347 1.12(0.92-1.36) 0.270
Hypertension      1.63(1.46-1.83) <0.001
Diabetes      1.05(0.90-1.21) 0.549
Anemia      2.14(1.78-2.57) <0.001
Hyperlipidemia      1.15(0.89-1.50) 0.293
BMI 18.5-24/ BMI < 18.5      1.39(0.96-2.01) 0.083
BMI ≥ 24/ BMI <18.5      1.55(1.07-2.24) 0.021
Hyperuricemia      3.19(2.86-3.56) <0.001
Proteinuria      2.27(1.96-2.62) <0.001
Occasional drinking/Non-drinking 0.73(0.64-0.83) <0.001 0.72(0.63-0.83) <0.001 0.68(0.59-0.78) <0.001
Frequent drinking/Non-drinking 0.61(0.46-0.81) 0.001 0.61(0.46-0.81) 0.001 0.47(0.35-0.63) <0.001
  P for trend <0.001 P for trend <0.001 P for trend <0.001
Non-drinking/Occasional drinking 1.37(1.21-1.56) <0.001 1.38(1.21-1.58) <0.001 1.48(1.29-1.70) <0.001
Frequent drinking/Occasional drinking 0.84(0.63-1.13) 0.242 0.84(0.62-1.12) 0.236 0.69(0.51-0.94) 0.020
  P for trend <0.001 P for trend <0.001 P for trend <0.001
  1. *In this table and Table 4: Model 1 was adjusted for age alone; Model 2 was adjusted for age plus smoking and betel nut chewing; Model 3 was adjusted for all variables in Model 2 plus hypertension, diabetes, anemia, hyperlipidemia, body mass index, hyperuricemia, and proteinuria.