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Table 1 Demographic data of previously-reported cases of cocaine-induced renal infarction.

From: Cocaine-induced renal infarction: report of a case and review of the literature

Characteristics Wohlman [11] Antonovych [13] Kramer [12] Goodman [14] Saleem [15] Edmondson [16] Mochizuki [17]
Age (s) 32 39, 26 37 37 25 40 52
Sex Male Males Male Male Male Male Female
Route IV NR NR IN IN NR IN
Time of Onset 2 hours NR 2–3 hours 2 hours 4 days 1 day NR
Kidney Affected Right NR Right Right Right Right Left
WBC (× 103/μl) 14 NR 23 (8% bands) 16 (90% PMN) 12.3 (76% PMN) NR 19.3
Serum LDH (U/L) 368 to 1860 NR 2103 NR 351 NR 2100
Serum Cr (mg/dL) 1.2 NR 1.7 0.9 NR 1.3 0.9
Urinanalysis 5–10 RBC NR trace protein
3+ ketones
2+ blood
3–4 WBC/hpf
1–2 RBC/hpf
30 protein
80 ketones
1–5 WBC/hpf
5–10 RBC/hpf
2+ blood
2 WBC/hpf
5–10 RBC/hpf
0 RBC/hpf trace protein
large blood
3 WBC/hpf
1 RBC/hpf
Treatment heparin & coumadin nephrectomy urokinase, heparin & coumadin none aspirin heparin & coumadin heparin, antibiotics & coumadin
Co-existing Conditions NR NR DM, Protein C deficiency NR NR Renal artery dissection Aortic thrombosis
  1. WBC (White Blood Cell; cells × 103/ul = cells × 109/ul); RBC (Red Blood Cell); hpf (High Power Field); LDH (Lactate Dehydrogenase); PMN (Polymorphonuclear Cells); N/R (Not Reported); IV (Intravenous); IN (Intra-nasal); DM (Diabetes Mellitus); Serum Cr (Serum Creatinine; 1 mg/dL = 88.4 umol/L)