Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Prevalences of microalbuminuria in people with diabetes among Africans

From: Microalbuminuria among Type 1 and Type 2 diabetic patients of African origin in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

Study Type of diabetes N Age (years) Duration (years) urine sample AER criteria albumin assay Prevalences
Erasmus, RT 1992 Nigeria Type 2 113 51.1 yrs 0.2–25 24 hr urine one sample Micro = ≥30 mg/24 hr Immunodiffusion microalb 57%
52%-dur<5 yrs
Rahlenbeck, SI 1997 Ethiopia IDDM- 71 32.6 ± 9.5
30.6 ± 8.9
6.0 ± 4.9
11.4 ± 6.7
Spot morning (3 consecutive visits) Urinary alb conc. micro = 30–299 mg/L
macro = >300 mg/L
MICRAL microalb-32%
macrolb-15%
  NIDDM- 99 55.4 ± 13
59.9 ± 8
5.3 ± 3.9
10.3 ± 5.5
    microalb-37%
macroalb-20%
Sobngwi, E 1999 Cameroon Type 1
Type 2
9
55
19–70 yrs 1–23 yrs Overnight urine UAE rate micro = 30 mg/24 hr MICRAL microalb 53,1%
Wanjohi, FW 2002 Kenya Type 2
New
100 53.7 ± 9.3 10.3 ± 7.5 (months) Spot morning-one sample Urinary alb conc. Cut of limits not defined MICRAL microalb-26%
macroal b-1pt
Current Study 2006 Tanzania Type 1
Type 2
91
153
21 (4–44.8)
53 (24–85)
3(0–17)
4(0–25)
Timed overnight 2 samples AER Immunoturbidimetry T1micro-12.1%
T1macro-1.1%
T2micro-9.8%
T2macro-7.2%