
Type 1 diabetes N = (91)

Type 2 diabetes N = (153)



NORMAL (N = 79) (AER ≤20 ug/min)

ABNORMAL (N = 12) (AER > 20 ug/min)

NORMAL (N = 127) (AER ≤20 ug/min)

ABNORMAL (N = 26) (AER > 20 ug/min)


Age at inclusion (yrs) ‡

20.0 (4–44.8)

21.5 (11–38)

51.6 (23.5–85)

54(36.6–80)

Duration of diabetes (yrs) ‡

3.0 (0–17)

4.2 (0–9)

3 (0–25)

7.5(o.2–24)***

BMI (kg/m^{2}) (mean ± SD) #

19.3 ± 3.7

18.8 ± 4.4

27.9 ± 5

27 ± 4.7

SBP mmHg ‡

109 (72–140)

108 (90–140)

130(90–210)

160 (110–200)***

DBP mmHg ‡

72 (50–110)

80 (54–100)

82(52–120)

92 (70–136)***

AER (ug/min) ‡

4.9 (0.65–19.9)

51 (22.7–290.2)***

4.67 (1.29–18.92)

164.6 (22.1–2000)***

Creatinine clearance (mls/min) ‡

129(46–481)

132(96.4–191)

107(40–273)

86.6(40–178.5)

HbA1c (%) ‡

13.5(6.3–>14)

14(8.9–>14)

9.6(4.4–>14)

10.1(5.4–>14)

Proportion anti HT medication N(%)‡‡

0

0

31(24)

15(58)**

Proportion with Hypertension N(%)‡‡

7(9.7)

2 (18.2)

59(47.6)

21(80.8)**

 Data expressed as median (minmax) unless stated otherwise.
 ‡ Mann Whitney test, # unpaired t test, ‡‡ Fischer's exact test
 p value – *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001