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Table 4 Abnormal albuminuria (AER), age at inclusion, metabolic and blood pressure control and serum creatinine levels in relation to duration below and above 5 years among Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

From: Microalbuminuria among Type 1 and Type 2 diabetic patients of African origin in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

  Type 1 diabetes N = 91 Type 2 diabetes N = 153
  Duration ≤5 yrs n = 73 Duration >5 yrs n = 18 Duration ≤5 yrs n = 91 Duration >5 yrs n = 62
Abnormal AER N (%)‡‡ 8 (10.9) 4(22.2) 9 (9.9) 17 (27.4)**
Microalbuminuria N (%) 7(9.6) 4(22.2) 8(8.8) 7(11.3)
Age at inclusion (yrs) ‡ 20.0 (4–44.8) 24.3(13.6–43) 51.5(23.5–80) 53.8(35.3–85)
Diabetes duration (yrs) ‡ 2 (0.0–5.0) 8.7(5.5–17)*** 2.0 (0.0–5.0) 9.0 (5.5–25.0)***
BMI kg/m2 (mean ± SD) # 19.3 ± 3.9 19.0 ± 3.3 28.4 ± 5.1 26.8 ± 4.1*
SBP mmHg ‡ 102 (72–140) 110 (90–140) 134(90–210) 140 (90–200)
DBP mmHg ‡ 70 (50–110) 77 (60–98) 81(52–106) 88 (60–136)*
Creatinine clearance (mls/min) ‡ 128 (46–481.8) 137.2 (96–161) 105(40–273.4) 106.4 (40.2–190.6)
Hba1c (%) ‡ 14 (7.4–>14) 12.7 (6.3–>14) 8.4 (4.4–>14) 10.8 (5.8–>14)***
  1. Data expressed as median (min-max) unless stated otherwise
  2. Tests – ‡‡Fischer's exact test#, ‡Mann Whitney test, # Unpaired t test
  3. P value – *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001