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Table 1 Clinical and demographic characteristics of the cohort comparing no-AKI vs transient AKI vs intrinsic AKI

From: Influence of severity of illness on neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin performance as a marker of acute kidney injury: a prospective cohort study of patients with sepsis

  no AKI (n = 28) Transient AKI (n = 57) Intrinsic AKI (n = 22) p value
Gender male (%) 51.7 54.4 59.1 0.93
Age (years,mean/sd) 55.4(17.3) 62.6(13.2) 63.1(14.9) 0.08
Reason for admission (%):     0.11
Respiratory 46.4 38.6 36.4  
Abdominal 21.4 33.3 36.4  
Urinary 7.1 8.8 0  
Endocarditis 3.6 7.0 0  
Neurological 7.1 0 4.5  
Catheter 10.7 1.8 0  
Other 3.6 10.5 22.7  
CKD on admission (eGFR according to MDRD <60 mL/min/1,73 m2) (%) 10.7 8.8 9.1 1
APACHE II score on the first day of admission 21(10) 22(8) 24.5(9) 0.08
Fluid balance first 24 hours (liter, mean/sd) 2.2(1.8) 3.1(1.9) 5.4(2.7) <0.001
Use of diuretics on the first day of admission (%) 7.1 14 22.7 0.29
RRT need during ICU stay (%) 0 1.8 59.1 <0.001
Vasopressor use (%) 32.1 61.4 86.4 <0.001
Total dose of noradrenaline first 24 h in μg/kg/min (mean/sd) 0.05(0.11) 0.09(0.12) 0.20(0.22) 0.001
Maximum dose of noradrenaline during first 24 h in μg/kg/min (mean/sd) 0.12(0.23) 0.25(0.31) 0.54(0.55) 0.008
Need for ventilation during ICU stay (%) 39.3 50.9 86.4 0.002
LOS in the ICU (days) 5(6) 5(10) 38(32) 0.014
ICU mortality (%) 21.4 15.8 54.2 0.002
Mortality at 90 days (%) 28.6 24.6 59.1 0.012