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Table 4 Pregnancy outcomes in women attending for pre-pregnancy counselling

From: Pre-pregnancy counselling for women with chronic kidney disease: a retrospective analysis of nine years’ experience

Adverse outcome All n = 35 CKD stage 1–2 n = 23 CKD stage 3 n = 12 Controls n = 277
Pre-eclampsia 7 (20%)** 4 (17%)** 3 (25%)** 11 (4%)
Small for gestational age 8 (23%)** 6 (26%)** 2 (17%)** 29 (10%)
Preterm <37 weeks 11 (31%)** 5 (22%)** 6 (50%)** 21 (8%)
Preterm <34 weeks 4 (11%)** 2 (9%)** 2 (17%)** 4 (1%)
IUD/Mid-trimester miscarriage 5 (14%)** 3 (13%)** 2 (17%)** 7 (3%)
  1. **p < 0.01.