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Table 5 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of all enrolled PACE participants (n = 574) and completed cardiovascular study visit (n = 402)

From: Rationale and design for the Predictors of Arrhythmic and Cardiovascular Risk in End Stage Renal Disease (PACE) study

Characteristics All PACE participants Completed cardiovascular visit*
Demographic   
Male, n (%) 319 (56) 233 (59)
African-American, n (%) 397 (69) 288 (72)
Age in years, mean ± SD 56 (13.5) 55 (13.2)
Education, % graduated high school 62 248 (63)
Employment, % employed 12 47 (12)
Marital status, % married 31 29
Dialysis characteristics   
Three times a week dialysis, n (%) 566 (98.6) 397 (98.8)
Three to four hour dialysis session, n (%) 505 (88.0) 353 (87.8)
Polyflux membrane, n (%) 446 (77.7) 306 (86.4)
Arteriovenous fistula access, n (%) 163 (28.7) 122 (30.3)
Self reported   
Smoking, % ever smoker 59 60
Body mass index kg/m2, mean ± SD 29.4 (7.9) 29.3 (7.8)
CVD, % diagnosed 44 45
CHF, % diagnosed 23 25
Diabetes, % diagnosed 54 55
Cardiovascular study visit   
Systolic blood pressure mmHg, mean ± SD n/a 137 (25)
Diastolic blood pressure mmHg, mean ± SD n/a 75 (15)
Waist to hip ratio n/a 0.95 (0.08)
Frailty, % diagnosed n/a 40
Average literacy, mean n/a Grade 8
Cognitively impaired, % diagnosed n/a 14
Depression, % diagnosed n/a 17
Medications use   
Betablocker, % n/a 58
ACEI/ARB, % n/a 44
Calcium channel blocker, % n/a 60
Statins, % n/a 52
Intradialytic labs   
Ionized calcium mean ± SD. mmol/L n/a 1.15 (0.07)
Magnesium mean ± SD, mg/dL n/a 1.76 (0.24)
  1. *Cardiovascular study visits were conducted at the Institute for Clinical and Translational Research and the Cardiology Research Laboratory.