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Table 3 Observed annual hospital costs by baseline CKD stage

From: What is the impact of chronic kidney disease stage and cardiovascular disease on the annual cost of hospital care in moderate-to-severe kidney disease?

Baseline CKD stage 1 Number of patients Years of follow-up Years of follow-up with hospital use, n (%) Mean (SE) hospital cost per person-year of follow-up
CKD 1-3B2 1,494 6,077 1,447 (24%) £1,055 (46)
CKD 4 2,228 8,867 3,379 (38%) £3,694 (84)
CKD 5 not on dialysis 1,017 3,954 2,849 (72%) £12,952 (185)
Dialysis 2,498 9,339 8,543 (91%) £20,511 (93)
All patients 7,246 28,261 16,227 (57%) £9,977 (69)
  1. CKD = chronic kidney disease; SE = standard error.
  2. 19 patients who received a transplant prior to randomization were excluded from the tabulation by baseline CKD stage.
  3. 2Predominantly CKD stage 3B (eGFR ≥30 to <45 ml/min/1.73m2).