Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Baseline characteristics by status for albuminuria and decreased GFR based on various kidney function estimators

From: Prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease in urban adult Cameroonians according to three common estimators of the glomerular filtration rate: a cross-sectional study

Variables Albuminuria eGFR < 60 (MDRD) eGFR < 60 (CG) eGFR < 60 (CKD-EPI)
No Yes P No Yes P No Yes p No Yes p
n (%) 464 (92.8) 36 (7.2)   473 (94.6) 27 (5.4)   456 (91.2) 44 (8.8)   478 (95.6) 22 (4.4)  
Sex (women) 218 (47.0) 15 (41.7) 0.605 220 (46.5) 13 (48.1) >0.999 213 (46.7) 20 (45.5) >0.999 222 (46.4) 11 (50.0) 0.828
Mean age, years (SD) 44.8 (13.0) 52.0 (14.1) 0.002 44.4 (12.7) 61.4 (10.9) <0.001 43.6 (12.1) 62.9 (11.1) <0.001 44.3 (12.6) 66.0 (9.1) <0.001
History of HTA (%) 50 (10.8) 11 (30.6) 0.002 49 (10.4) 12 (44.4) <0.001 48 (10.5) 13 (29.5) 0.001 49 (10.3) 12 (54.5) <0.001
History of diabetes (%) 10 (2.2) 4 (11.1) 0.014 10 (2.1) 4 (14.8) 0.005 10 (2.2) 4 (9.1) 0.027 10 (2.1) 4 (18.2) 0.002
History of goutte (%) 4 (0.9) 2 (5.6) 0.063 6 (1.3) 0 >0.999 6 (1.3) 0 >0.999 6 (1.3) 0 >0.999
Tobacco use (%) 33 (7.1) 2 (5.6) >0.999 34 (7.2) 1 (3.7) 0.711 34 (7.5) 1 (2.3) 0.348 35 (7.3) 0 0.389
Alcohol use (%) 255 (55.0) 17 (47.2) 0.390 259 (54.8) 13 (48.1) 0.554 253 (55.5) 19 (43.2) 0.153 262 (54.8) 10 (2.0) 0.512
Longstanding use of herbal medicine (%) 268 (57.8) 21 (58.3) >0.999 271 (57.3) 18 (66.7) 0.424 264 (57.9) 25 (56.8) >0.999 275 (57.5) 14 (63.6) 0.662
Longstanding use of street medicine (%) 133 (28.7) 15 (41.7) 0.128 143 (30.2) 5 (18.5) 0.278 135 (29.6) 31 (29.5) >0.999 142 (29.7) 6 (27.3) >0.999
Mean SBP, mmHg (SD) 132 (23) 138 (32) 0.199 132 (24) 142 (31) 0.033 131 (23) 144 (32) 0.001 132 (24) 145 (33) 0.011
Mean DBP, mmHg (SD) 81 (14) 85 (22) 0.094 81 (14) 86 (22) 0.074 81 (14) 84 (19) 0.168 81 (14) 86 (22) 0.136
Any hypertension (%) 174 (37.5) 19 (52.8) 0.077 174 (36.8) 19 (70.4) 0.001 166 (36.4) 27 (61.4) 0.002 176 (36.8) 17 (77.3) <0.001
Mean BMI, kg/m2 (SD) 27.1 (5.3) 27.4 (5.8) 0.712 27.0 (5.2) 29.0 (7.0) 0.055 27.4 (5.3) 23.4 (3.5) <0.001 27.0 (5.2) 28.5 (7.2) 0.200
BMI > =25 (%) 280 (60.3) 22 (61.1) >0.999 284 (60.0) 18 (66.7) 0.549 287 (62.9) 15 (34.1) <0.001 289 (60.5) 13 (59.1) >0.999
Pulse (SD) 76 (12) 81 (14) 0.043 76.5 (12.6) 77.6 (14.9) 0.670 77 (13) 76 (14) 0.887 76 (13) 79 (16) 0.448
  1. BMI body mass index, CG cockroft-Gault, CKD-EPI chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration, DBP diastolic blood pressure, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, MDRD Modification of Diet in Renal Disease, SBP systolic blood pressure, SD standard deviation