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Table 4 Predictors of albuminuria and decreased GFR in age and sex adjusted logistic regressions

From: Prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease in urban adult Cameroonians according to three common estimators of the glomerular filtration rate: a cross-sectional study

Variables Albuminuria eGFR < 60 (MDRD) eGFR < 60 (CG) eGFR < 60 (CKD-EPI)
OR (95 % CI) p OR (95 % CI) p OR (95 % CI) p OR (95 % CI) p
Sex (women) 0.86 (0.43–1.72) 0.661 0.75 (0.33–1.75) 0.512 0.81 (0.39–1.69) 0.575 0.61 (0.23–1.64) 0.325
Age, per years 1.04 (1.01–1.07) 0.002 1.11 (1.07–1.16) <0.001 1.16 (1.11–1.20) <0.001 1.17 (1.11–1.23) <0.001
History of hypertension 2.70 (1.18–6.17) 0.019 3.42 (1.41–8.28) 0.007 1.40 (0.61–3.22) 0.422 5.93 (2.06–17.05) 0.001
History of diabetes 3.05 (0.98–12.8) 0.055 2.59 (0.63–10.56) 0.184 1.02 (0.23–4.52) 0.974 2.88 (0.61–13.54) 0.180
History of gout 6.17 (1.07–35.61) 0.042 0 0.999 0 0.999 0 0.999
Tobacco use 0.70 (0.15–3.15) 0.642 0.65 (0.08–5.51) 0.695 0.33 (0.04–2.95) 0.324 0 0.998
Alcohol use 0.58 (0.28–1.22) 0.152 1.29 (0.51–3.26) 0.584 2.19 (0.96–4.96) 0.061 1.18 (0.39–3.59) 0.771
Longstanding use of herbal medicine 1.01 (0.50–2.03) 0970 1.67 (0.6904.03) 0.256 1.03 (0.50–2.15) 0.930 1.50 (0.54–4.15) 0.432
Longstanding use of street medicine 1.65 (0.82–3.33) 0.162 0.40 (0.14–1.15) 0.089 0.74 (0.34–1.64) 0.464 0.70 (0.24–2.06) 0.517
SBP, mmHg 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 0.894 1.01 (0.99–1.02) 0.881 1.00 (0.99–1.02) 0.675 1.00 (0.99–1.02) 0.640
DBP, mmHg 1.01 (0.99–1.03) 0.367 1.01 (0.98–1.03) 0.494 1.00 (0.97–1.02) 0.716 1.01 (0.98–1.04) 0.576
Any hypertension 1.28 (0.62–2.67) 0.506 1.85 (0.74–4.60) 0.185 0.97 (0.45–2.08) 0.942 2.48 (0.80–7.68) 0.116
BMI, per kg/m2 1.01 (0.94–1.08) 0.773 1.09 (1.01–1.18) 0.032 0.71 (0.62–0.81) <0.001 1.10 (1.00–1.20) 0.055
BMI > =25 0.89 (0.43–1.83) 0.754 1.09 (0.43–2.74) 0.855 0.11 (0.05–0.26) <0.001 0.72 (0.25–2.08) 0.544
Pulse 1.03 (1.00–1.05) 0.048 1.00 (0.97–1.04) 0.802 0.99 (0.96–1.02) 0.574 1.01 (0.98–1.05) 0.477
  1. BMI body mass index, CG Cockroft-Gault, CKD-EPI chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration, DBP diastolic blood pressure, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, MDRD Modification of Diet in Renal Disease, SBP systolic blood pressure, SD standard deviation