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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of study participants

From: Renal abnormalities among HIV infected children at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH)—Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Variable N (%)/N (±SD)
Age
  < 5 years 66 (27.5)
 5 up to 10 years 94 (39.2)
  ≥ 10 years 80 (33.3)
Sex
 Male 133 (55.4)
 Female 107 (44.6)
Using anti-retroviral therapy
 Yes 219 (91.2)
 No 21 (8.8)
Types of ARV
 d4T, 3TC, NVP 129 (53.8)
 d4T, 3TC, EFV 33 (13.8)
 AZT, 3TC, NVP 28 (11.7)
 AZT, 3TC, EFV 24 (10.0)
 ABC, ddI, Kaletra 5 (2.1)
CD4 percent
  ≥ 25 % 64 (27.6)
  < 25 % 176 (73.3)
Laboratory values
 Mean serum creatinine 51.3 ± 6.8 μmol/L
 Mean blood urea nitrogen 2.8 ± 0.9 mmol/L
 Mean eGFR 84 ± 14.7 mL/min/1.73 m2
 Mean white blood cell count 6.7 ± 2.8 x 103 cells/μL
 Mean CD4 percent 31.1 ± 10 %
 Mean haemoglobin level 10.9 ± 1.4 g/dL