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Table 2 Factors associated with microalbuminuria

From: Renal abnormalities among HIV infected children at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH)—Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Variable n Microalbuminuria present n (%) P value
Age (years)
 1 up to 5 63 12 (18.2)  
 5 up to 10 91 18 (19.1)  
 10 and above 86 19 (23. 8) 0.669
Sex
 Male 133 30 (22.6)  
 Female 107 19 (17.8) 0.359
Use of ART
 Yes 219 45 (20.5)  
 No 21 4 (19.0) 1.000
CD4 percent
  < 25 % 64 23 (35.9)  
  ≥ 25 % 176 26 (14.8) 0.001
Haematuria
 Present 10 5 (50.0)  
 Absent 230 44 (19.1) 0.018
BMI z–score
 Median- -1SD 164 39 (23.8)  
  < -1 SD 76 10 (13.2) 0.061
Renal echogenicitya
 Normal 93 14 (23.3)  
 Increased 60 20 (21.5) 0.843
  1. an = 153