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Table 1 Dietary composition of low-protein diets for CKD patients

From: Low-protein diets for chronic kidney disease patients: the Italian experience

  Normal diet LPD Vegan VLPD
 Energy requirement normal high high high
 Protein, g/Kg/d 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.3-0.4
 Prevalent origin of proteins Mixed Animal Plant Plant
 Phosphate, mg/d 700-800 500-600 500-600 300-400
 Sodium, mmol/d 100 100 100 100
 Free-protein products use Optional Yes No Yes
 EAA + KA No Optional Optional Yes
 Calcium, g/d Optional 0.5-1.0 0.5-1.0 0.5-1.0
 B12 Vitamin No Optional Yes Yes
 Iron No Optional Yes Yes
  1. EAA essential aminoacids, KA ketoacids