Skip to main content

Table 5 Clinical presentation and follow up of a patient with LPD, Case 1

From: A practical approach to low protein diets in Sweden– 45 years of clinical use

  Sept 1998 Feb 2000 May 2002 June 2004 May 2006 Mar 2008 Mar 2010 May 2013 Oct 2015
Weight (kg) 70,6* 72 72,5 72 75 73,5 73 73 71
GFR (mL/min) 30   28 23 20 16 15 13 10
FFMI (DXA or BIS]        Oct 2009 17,1   17,3
FMI (DXA or BIS)        6,8   5,2
S-Creatinine (μmol/L) 209 215 229 213 212 256 265 328 454
S-Urea (mmol/L) 12 9,4   12,2 11,2 15,6 13,9 16,9 23,3
s-Phosphate (mmol/L) 1,2    1,3 1,4 1,3 1,4 1,3 1,4
Protein intake (g/day: food diaries, 24 h recall or UNA) 0,7 0,8 0,8 0,75   0,73    0,7
Energy intake (kcal/day, food diaries) 1900 1900 2500 2600      2650
  1. *Body Mass Index 21 kg/m2
  2. Abbreviations: GFR glomerular filtration rate, FFMI fat free mass index, FMI fat mass index, DXA dual energy-x-ray absorptiometry, BIS bio-impedance spectroscopy, UNA urinary urea nitrogen appearance
  3. Calculations: FMI = body fat (kg) / squared height in meters; FFMI = Body weight (kg) – body fat (kg)/squared height in meters
  4. Reference values for FFMI and FMI according to the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare’s cut-off values for malnutrition [23]: FFMI: Women <15 kg/m2, Men <17 kg/m2; FMI: Women <4 kg/m2, Men <2 kg/m2