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Table 1 Main general features of the dietary therapy in patients with chronic renal insufficiency

From: “Dietaly”: practical issues for the nutritional management of CKD patients in Italy

Energy 30–35 Kcal/kg/day
Protein 0.3–0.7 g/kg/day
Carbohydrates At least 60 % of total energy intake
Lipids At least 30 % of total energy intake
Sodium 2.3 g/day (equivalent to 6 g NaCl salt)
Phosphate <700 mg/day
Supplements Essential amino acid and ketoacids, calcium carbonate, vitamins, iron