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Table 1 Consequences of fluid overload in organ systems

From: Fluid overload in the ICU: evaluation and management

Organ Consequences
Cerebral edema Impaired cognition
Delirium
Myocardial edema Conduction disturbance
Impaired contractility
Diastolic dysfunction
Pulmonary edema Impaired gas exchange
Reduced compliance
Increased work of breathing
Renal interstitial edema Reduced RBF
Increased interstitial pressure
Reduced GFR
Uremia
Salt and water retention
Hepatic congestion Impaired synthetic function
Cholestasis
Gut edema Malabsorption
Ileus
Tissue edema Poor wound healing
Wound infection
Pressure ulceration
  1. RBF renal blood flow, GFR glomerular filtration rate