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Table 3 Estimate of odds ratios, with the 95 % confidence limits

From: Proton pump inhibitors are associated with increased risk of development of chronic kidney disease

   For Mortality outcome Odds Ratio Estimates For CKD outcome Odds Ratio Estimates
Effect Contract Point Estimate 95 % Wald Confidence Limits p-value Point Estimate 95 % Wald Confidence Limits p-value
PPI Yes vs No 1.76 1.68 1.84 <.0001 1.10 1.05 1.16 <.0001
age 1 year increase 1.07 1.06 1.07 <.0001 1.07 1.07 1.07 <.0001
Race Black vs White 1.41 1.30 1.53 <.0001 0.92 0.86 0.99 0.0269
Sex Female vs Male 0.62 0.54 0.72 <.0001 1.32 1.20 1.45 <.0001
Vascular Disease Yes vs No 1.52 1.45 1.59 <.0001 0.94 0.89 0.98 0.009
COPD Yes vs No 2.41 2.28 2.54 <.0001 0.97 0.91 1.04 0.378
Cancer Yes vs No 1.91 1.82 2.02 <.0001 0.78 0.74 0.84 <.0001
Diabetes Yes vs No 1.53 1.46 1.61 <.0001 1.66 1.59 1.74 <.0001
Hypertension Yes vs No 1.38 1.30 1.47 <.0001 2.43 2.31 2.55 <.0001
GI Yes vs No 1.03 0.98 1.08 0.25 0.99 0.94 1.04 0.6208
Time at risk 1 quarter increase 0.91 0.91 0.91 <.0001 0.90 0.89 0.90 <.0001