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Table 2 Odds ratio of vascular surgery referral and AV access placement

From: Vascular access placement in patients with chronic kidney disease Stages 4 and 5 attending an inner city nephrology clinic: a cohort study and survey of providers

  Vascular surgery referral (n = 94) AV access placement (n = 61) Initiated Dialysis (n = 48)
ORa 95% CI p-value ORa 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Age, per year 0.99 0.96 to 1.02 0.33 0.97 0.94 to 1.00 0.06 0.98 0.95 to 1.01 0.27
African-American Race (compared to white) 4.65 1.00 to 21.6 0.05 1.10 0.27 to 4.46 0.89 0.72 0.15 to 3.43 0.68
Hispanic Ethnicity (compared to non-Hispanic white) 2.81 0.64 to 12.44 0.17 0.70 0.18 to 2.76 0.61 0.51 0.11 to 2.31 0.38
Diabetes Mellitus 1.29 0.58 to 2.88 0.53 0.91 0.40 to 2.06 0.82 1.76 0.66 to 4.71 0.26
Log urine protein/ creatinine ratio 1.45 1.13 to 1.86 0.003 1.36 1.05 to 1.75 0.02 1.72 1.28 to 2.32 <0.001
eGFR at the study entry 0.87 0.82 to 0.93 <0.001 0.89 0.83 to 0.94 <0.001 0.90 0.84 to 0.97 0.003
Patient seen with renal fellow 1.45 0.67 to 3.13 0.34 1.10 0.25 to 1.49 0.82 1.35 0.56 to 3.27 0.50
Number of nephrology visits 1.27 1.12 to1.45 <0.001 1.13 1.01 to1.25 0.03 1.02 0.92 to 1.14 0.68
Hospitalization during follow-up 0.97 0.41 to 2.29 0.94 2.46 0.94 to 6.4 0.07 13.0 2.3 to 73.3 0.004
AKI during hospitalization 0.78 0.35 to 1.72 0.53 1.84 0.79 to 4.28 0.26 6.6 1.89 to 22.8 0.003
  1. aAll models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, diabetes mellitus, log urinary albumin/creatinine ratio and baseline eGFR. Renal fellow visit, number of renal visits, number of hospitalization, and the presence of AKI during a hospitalization put in individually with the above adjusters. (abbreviations: OR-odds ratio; CI-confidence interval)