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Table 1 Baseline patient characteristics according to nutritional status as evaluated by SGA

From: Total kidney and liver volume is a major risk factor for malnutrition in ambulatory patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

Parameters Mildly to moderately malnourished
(SGA 4 and 5)
At risk
(SGA 6)
Well nourished (SGA 7) P for trend
Number of patients 21 (7.3%) 63 (21.9%) 204 (70.8%)  
Female 9 (42.9%) 37 (58.7%) 92 (45.1%) 0.148
Age (years) 53.4 ± 11.1 52.7 ± 12.6 46.4 ± 11.7 <0.001
Height (cm) 164.0 ± 7.9 163.4 ± 7.9 167.6 ± 9.8 0.002
Weight (kg) 59.1 ± 8.7 62.3 ± 9.7 67.0 ± 12.3 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 22.0 ± 2.7 23.3 ± 2.6 23.7 ± 2.9 0.044
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 12.8 ± 1.1 13.2 ± 1.4 13.7 ± 1.5 <0.001
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 51.3 ± 23.2 57.1 ± 24.9 69.2 ± 24.6 <0.001
Protein (g/dL) 7.4 ± 0.4 7.2 ± 0.4 7.3 ± 0.4 0.328
Albumin (g/dL) 4.4 ± 0.3 4.3 ± 0.3 4.4 ± 0.4 0.377
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 180.3 ± 30.2 175.8 ± 27.7 177.4 ± 26.0 0.654
Presence of hypertension 21 (100%) 55 (87.3%) 162 (79.4%) 0.011
Presence of liver cysts 17 (81%) 55 (87.3%) 155 (76.0%) 0.160
TKLV (mL) 4,581 [2,698–7,899] 3,445 [2,642–4,415] 2,808 [2,241–3,695] <0.001
TKV (mL) 2,089 [817–2,801] 1,443 [913–2,070] 1,059 [638–1,628] <0.001
TLV (mL) 2,039 [1,336–4,728] 1,659 [1,352–2,200] 1,636 [1,337–1,951] 0.120
htTKLV (mL/m) 2,622 [1,719–4,906] 2,147 [1,535–2,687] 1,649 [1,311–2,151] <0.001
htTKV (mL/m) 1,282 [524–1,574] 903 [559–1,246] 640 [394–955] <0.001
htTLV (mL/m) 1,298 [830–2,831] 1,023 [816–1,322] 957 [819–1,147] 0.036
  1. TKLV, TKV, TLV, htTKLV, htTKV and htTLV are shown in median and interquartile range
  2. BMI body mass index, CKD chronic kidney disease, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rates, htTKV height-adjusted total kidney volume, htTKLV height-adjusted total kidney and liver volume, htTLV height-adjusted total liver volume, SGA subjective global assessment, TKV total kidney volume, TKLV total kidney and liver volume, TLV total liver volume