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Table 1 Characteristics and presentation of patients with symptomatic hyponatremia related to bowel preparation reported in the literature

From: “Bowel prep hyponatremia“ – a state of acute water intoxication facilitated by low dietary solute intake: case report and literature review

Reference Age Gender Na Nadir Presentation Prep Time Diet Uosm UNa UK
4 54 f 119 Bizarre behavior 4.5 l PEG - - - - -
9 59 f 120 Seizure 3 l PEG-ELS + 4 l tea 7 - 185 22 5
10 62 f 116 Seizure 4 l PEG-ELS + water - - - - -
11 75 f 116 Seizure SP - - - - -
11 64 f 111 Seizure SPS/MC - - - - -
11 24 f 132 Seizure SP - - - - -
12 79 f 108 Coma “cathartics” - - - - -
13 73 f 117 Seizure PEG + 64 ounces of Gatorade - - 390 146 35.7
14 80 f 110 Seizure SPS/MC - - - - -
15 70 f 110 Seizure 4 l PEG + 3 l water - - - - -
15 65 f 127 Seizure 4 l PEG - - - - -
16 34 m 117 Encephalopathy Bis + Man + > 6 l water - small breakfast, broth - - -
17 57 f 120 Rhabdomyolysis SPS/MC + Bis - liquid diet for 3 days - 67 24
18 69 f 113 Seizure 4 l PEG - - 344 122 28.5
19 76 f 112 Seizure SPS/MC - - 370 - -
Present case 61 f 122 Encephalopathy 2 l SPS/MC + 2 l tea 2 broth, rusk for 2 days 232 39 -
  1. Abbreviations: Na-Nadir lowest serum sodium concentration recorded (mmol/l), Prep type of bowel preparation used and amount of fluid ingested in preparation for endoscopy (l), time speed of fluid ingestion (hours), U osm urine osmolality (mosm/l), U Na urine sodium (mmol/l) U k urine potassium (mmol/l), PEG polyethylene glycol, PEG-ELS PEG/electrolyte lavage solution, SP sodium phosphate, SPS/MC sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate, Bis/Man bisacodyl/mannitol