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Table 3 Risk factors for CKD on multivariable logistic regression analysis in the matched cohort

From: The association of kidney function with repetitive breath-hold diving activities of female divers from Korea, Haenyeo

  Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P Adjusteda OR (95% CI) P
Female divers 1.662 (1.172–2.357) 0.004 1.967 (1.341–2.886) 0.001
Age 1.120 (1.097–1.145) <0.001 1.125 (1.099–1.151) <0.001
Diabetes 3.402 (2.131–5.432) <0.001 1.800 (0.978–3.313) 0.059
Hypertension 2.649 (1.562–4.491) <0.001 2.418 (1.227–4.766) 0.011
Cardiovascular disease 1.373 (0.729–2.587) 0.326 0.598 (0.287–1.251) 0.173
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 0.913 (0.786–1.061) 0.236 0.931 (0.776–1.117) 0.439
Serum albumin (g/dL) 0.618 (0.356–1.074) 0.618 0.818 (0.434–1.541) 0.533
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 1.003 (0.999–1.007) 0.183 1.005 (1.000–1.010) 0.050
  1. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2
  2. Abbreviation: OR odd ratio, CKD chronic kidney disease
  3. aAdjusted for age, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, hemoglobin, albumin, total cholesterol, and breath-holding diving activity