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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants from Wakiso, Uganda by gender

From: Kidney disease in Uganda: a community based study

Characteristic Total N = 955 Males (N = 315) Female (N = 640)
Median age (IQR) 31 (24–42) 30 (24–40) 32 (25–43)
Age group
 18–29 410 (42.9) 151 (47.9) 259 (40.5)
 30–39 261 (27.3) 78 (24.8) 183 (28.6)
 40–49 136 (14.2) 48 (15.2) 88 (13.7)
 50–59 73 (7.6) 17 (5.4) 56 (8.8)
 60+ 75 (7.9) 21 (6.7) 54 (8.4)
Sub-county
 Nansana Town Council 696 (72.9) 213 (67.6) 483 (75.5)
 Busukuma 259 (27.1) 102 (32.4) 157 (24.5)
SESa
 Poorest 226 (23.7) 75 (23.8) 151 (23.6)
 Poor 225 (23.6) 85 (26.9) 140 (21.9)
 Less poor 261 (27.3) 80 (25.4) 181 (28.3)
 Least poor 243 (25.4) 75 (23.8) 168 (26.2)
Median Weight (IQR) 61 (53–71) 61 (56–69) 60 (52–72)
BMI groups
 Underweight 52 (5.5) 24 (7.6) 28 (4.4)
 Normal 544 (56.9) 230 (73.0) 314 (49.1)
 Overweight 231 (24.2) 49 (15.6) 182 (28.4)
 Obese 128 (13.4) 12 (3.8) 116 (18.1)
HIV-Infection
 No 862 (90.3) 289 (91.8) 573 (89.5)
 Yes 93 (9.7) 26 (8.2) 67 (10.5)
Diabetic n (%)
 Normal 733 (76.8) 271 (86.0) 462 (72.2)
 Impaired tolerance 173 (18.1) 38 (12.1) 135 (21.1)
 Diabetic 49 (5.1) 6 (1.9) 43 (6.7)
Hypertension n (%)
 Normal 716 (75.0) 235 (74.6) 481 (75.2)
 Hypertensive 239 (25.0) 80 (25.4) 159 (24.8)
Smoking, n (%)
 Never smoked 862 (90.3) 259 (82.2) 603 (94.2)
 Previously smoker 39 (4.1) 17 (5.4) 22 (3.4)
Current smoker 54 (5.6) 39 (12.4) 15 (2.3)
Alcohol use n (%)
 None 841 (88.1) 254 (80.6) 587 (91.7)
 Mild 33 (3.5) 16 (5.1) 17 (2.6)
 Moderate 52 (5.4) 25 (7.9) 27 (4.2)
 Heavy 29 (3.0) 20 (6.4) 9 (1.4)
Mean serum creatinine (SD) 0.66 (0.18) 0.75 (0.2) 0.62 (0.2)
CCr (mls/min/1.73 m2)median (IQR)
 CG 124 (101–158) 124 (103–157) 124 (101–160)
 MDRD 140 (116–177) 149 (123–188) 136 (112–170)
 CKD-Epi 138 (122–152) 141 (128–155) 136 (119–150)
Proteinuria (urine protein ≥ 1+)
 No 952 (99.7) 314 (99.7) 638 (99.7)
 Yes 3 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 2 (0.3)
  1. Abbreviations: BMI Body mass index, CG Cockroft Gault, CCr creatinine clearance, CKD-EPI Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Consortium equation, IQR Interquartile range, MDRD 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation, SES social economic score
  2. aSocio-economic Score (SES) derived from conducting Principle Component Analysis (PCA) on a statistical software using variables relating to household infrastructure and property ownership