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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of study participants from Wakiso, Uganda by sub-county

From: Kidney disease in Uganda: a community based study

Characteristic Nansana (N = 696) Busukuma (N = 259) p-value
Median age (IQR) 30 (24–38) 38 (27–50) <0.001
Age group
 18–29 335 (48.1) 75 (28.9) <0.001
 30–39 202 (29.0) 59 (22.8) 0.056
 40–49 80 (11.5) 56 (21.6) <0.001
 50–59 44 (6.3) 29 (11.2) <0.011
 60+ 35 (5.0) 40 (15.4) <0.001
Sex
 Male 213 (30.6) 102 (39.4) <0.001
 Female 483 (69.4) 157 (60.6)
SES
 Poorest 205 (29.4) 21 (8.1) <0.001
 Poor 192 (27.6) 33 (12.8) <0.001
 Less poor 126 (18.1) 135 (52.1) <0.001
 Least poor 173 (24.9) 70 (27.0) 0.508
Median Weight (IQR) 62 (55–72) 58 (50–66) <0.001
BMI groups
 Underweight 31 (4.5) 21 (8.1) 0.029
 Normal 365 (52.4) 179 (69.1) <0.001
 Overweight 186 (26.7) 45 (17.4) 0.003
 Obese 114 (16.4) 14 (5.4) <0.001
HIV-Infection
 No 622 (89.4) 240 (92.7) 0.126
 Yes 74 (10.6) 19 (7.3)  
Diabetic n (%)
 Normal 516 (74.2) 217 (83.8) 0.002
 Impaired tolerance 139 (19.9) 34 (13.1) 0.015
 Diabetic 41 (5.9) 8 (3.1) 0.082
Hypertension n (%)
 Normal 535 (76.9) 181 (69.9) 0.026
 Hypertensive 161 (23.1) 78 (30.1)  
Smoking, n (%)
 Never smoked 631 (90.7) 231 (89.2) <0.001
 Previously smoker 31 (4.4) 8 (3.1) 0.365
 Current smoker 34 (4.9) 20 (7.7) 0.096
Alcohol use n (%)
 None 622 (89.4) 219 (84.6) 0.042
 Mild 23 (3.3) 10 (3.9) 0.652
 Moderate 31 (4.5) 21 (8.1) 0.029
 Heavy 20 (2.9) 9 (3.5) 0.632
Mean serum creatinine (SD) 0.65 (0.54–0.76) 0.67 (0.53–0.81) 0.297
 CG 130 (87.7–161.5) 112 (88.9–142.5) <0.001
 MDRD 141 (117.4–177.5) 139 (108.5–174.7) 0.859
 CKD-Epi 139 (125.1–153.1) 132 (114.9–147.1) <0.001
Proteinuria (urine protein ≥ 1+)
 No 693 (99.6) 259 0.308
 Yes 3 (0.4) 0
  1. Socio-economic Score (SES) derived from conducting Principle Component Analysis (PCA) on a statistical software using variables relating to household infrastructure and property ownership
  2. Abbreviations: BMI Body mass index, CG Cockroft Gault, CCr creatinine clearance, CKD-EPI Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Consortium equation, IQR Interquartile range, MDRD 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation, SES social economic score