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Table 5 Association between kidney disease (Cockcroft-Gault formula) and different predictor variables

From: Kidney disease in Uganda: a community based study

Characteristic n/N (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted OR (95% CI) p-value
Sub-county
 Nansana 74/696 (10.6) 1   1  
 Busukuma 71/259 (27.4) 3.2 (2.2–4.5) <0.001 1.5 (0.99–2.4) 0.053
Sex
 Male 41/315 (13.0) 1   1  
 Female 104/640 (16.2) 1.3 (0.2–1.9) 0.191 1.8 (1.2–2.8) 0.010
Age group
 18–29 28/410 (6.8) 1   1  
 30–39 27/261 (10.3) 1.6 (0.9–2.7) 0.108 2.2 (1.2–3.8) 0.009
 40–49 32/136 (23.5) 4.2 (2.4–7.3) <0.001 4.3 (1.2–3.8) <0.001
 50–59 17/73 (23.3) 4.1 (2.1–8.1) <0.001 5.5 (2.4–7.8) <0.001
 60+ 41/75 (54.7) 16.5 (9.1–29.8) <0.001 17 (8.4–35.4) <0.001
SES
 Poorest 25/226 (11.1) 1    
 Poor 21/225 (9.3) 0.8 (0.4–1.5) 0.545   
 Less poor 55/261 (21.1) 2.1 (1.3–3.6) 0.003   
 Least poor 44/243 (18.1) 1.8 (1.1–3.0) 0.033   
BMI groups
 Underweight 21/52 (40.4) 1   1  
 Normal 105/544 (19.3) 0.3 (0.2–0.6) 0.001 0.4 (0.2–0.8) 0.008
 Overweight 18/231 (7.8) 0.1 (0.05–0.3) <0.001 0.1 (0.04–0.2) <0.001
 Obese 1/128 (0.8) 0.01 (0.002–0.09) <0.001 0.01 (0.001–0.1) <0.001
HIV-Infection
 No 130/862 (15.1) 1    
 Yes 15/93 (16.1) 1.1 (0.6–1.9) 0.789   
Diabetic
 Normal 106/733 (14.5) 1   1  
 Impaired tolerance 29/173 (16.8) 1.2 (0.8–1.9) 0.445 1.2 (0.7–2.0) 0.544
 Diabetic 10/49 (20.4) 1.5 (0.7–3.1) 0.260 2.4 (0.98–5.8) 0.055
Hypertension
 Normal 92/716 (12.9) 1   1  
 Hypertensive 53/239 (22.2) 1.9 (1.3–2.8) 0.001 1.2 (0.7–1.9) 0.474
Smoking
 Never smoked 133/862 (15.4) 1    
 Previously smoker 3/39 (7.7) 0.5 (0.1–1.5) 0.198   
 Current smoker 9/54 (16.7) 1.1 (0.5–2.3) 0.808   
Alcohol use
 None 132/841 (15.7) 1    
 Mild 2/33 (6.1) 0.3 (0.1–1.5) 0.150   
 Moderate 8/52 (15.4) 0.9 (0.4–2.1) 0.952   
 Heavy 3/29 (10.3) 0.6 (0.2–2.1) 0.438   
  1. Age-group confounds HT, BMI confounds HT