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Table 2 Prognostic factors of kidney failure and death through three transitions: Illness-death model

From: Progression of chronic kidney disease: an illness-death model approach

Transitions Factors Coefficients SE Z P > |t| HR LL UL
CKD➔Death Age 0.0497 0.0013 37.31 <0.001 1.051 1.048 1.054
  Male/Female 0.3861 0.0277 13.938 <0.001 1.471 1.393 1.553
  BMI -0.0542 0.0038 −14.308 <0.001 0.947 0.940 0.954
  HDL -0.0052 0.0017 −3.033 0.002 0.995 0.991 0.998
  DM 0.2034 0.0302 6.736 <0.001 1.226 1.155 1.300
  HT -0.0902 0.031 −2.909 0.004 0.914 0.860 0.971
  CVD 0.5651 0.0333 16.959 <0.001 1.760 1.648 1.878
  RAS -0.0734 0.0393 −1.868 0.062 0.929 0.860 1.004
CKD➔Kidney failure Age −0.0007 0.0012 −0.601 0.548 0.999 0.997 1.002
  Male/Female −0.0815 0.0317 −2.574 0.01 0.922 0.866 0.981
  BMI -0.0608 0.004 −15.355 <0.001 0.941 0.934 0.948
  HDL -0.0143 0.0019 −7.422 <0.001 0.986 0.982 0.990
  DM 0.1264 0.0318 3.979 <0.001 1.135 1.066 1.208
  HT 0.0836 0.0333 2.51 0.012 1.087 1.018 1.161
  CVD -0.0998 0.0462 −2.16 0.031 0.905 0.827 0.991
  RAS -0.4301 0.0449 −9.582 <0.001 0.650 0.596 0.710
Kidney failure➔death Age 0.0051 0.0017 3.036 0.002 1.005 1.002 1.008
  Male/Female 0.2598 0.0391 6.651 <0.001 1.297 1.201 1.400
  BMI -0.023 0.0049 −4.647 <0.001 0.977 0.968 0.987
  HDL 0.001 0.0019 0.545 0.586 1.001 0.997 1.005
  DM 0.4741 0.0404 11.744 <0.001 1.607 1.484 1.739
  HT 0.2403 0.0416 5.769 <0.001 1.272 1.172 1.380
  CVD 0.3554 0.0558 6.373 <0.001 1.427 1.279 1.592
  RAS 0.0974 0.0551 1.769 0.077 1.102 0.990 1.228