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Table 3 Changes in eGFR, urinary protein, Handgrip strength, Knee extensor muscle strength after the 12-Month Period

From: Effects of home-based exercise on pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients: a randomized pilot and feasibility trial

  Exercise Control
  Baseline 12-Month Baseline 12-Month F or t P
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 37.0 ± 10.9 35.1 ± 11.4 41.1 ± 12.2 39.5 ± 12.9 0.01 0.93
Urinary Protein (g/gCr) 0.9 ± 1.0 1.2 ± 1.7 0.9 ± 1.4 0.9 ± 1.1 0.4 0.52
Handgrip strength(kgf) 31.7 ± 7.4 36.4 ± 6.4 35.5 ± 8.8 36.5 ± 9.2 7.0 0.01
 Change(%)   17.0 ± 16.1   3.4 ± 11.2 2.6a 0.02
Knee extensor muscle strength(kgf/kg) 0.65 ± 0.17 0.70 ± 0.17 0.66 ± 0.15 0.62 ± 0.13 14.3 <0.01
 Change(%)   8.2 ± 10.9   −6.0 ± 7.6 4.0a <0.01
  1. Values are the mean ± SD unless otherwise noted
  2. Abbreviations: eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, ANOVA analysis of variance, SD standard deviation
  3. at value