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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients at presentation and 3 month follow up. Figures are presented as Number (%), mean (SD) and median (IQR)

From: Proteinuric kidney disease in children at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Malawi

Parameter (Reference range) All Patients Nephrotic Syndrome Nephritic Syndrome CKD Obstructive Uropathy
(n = 34) (n = 15) (n = 10) (n = 6) (n = 3)
Age, years 8.5 (3.6) 8.4 (3.8) 7.9 (2.6) 11.4 (1.5) 6.0 (6.6)
Gender
 Male 22 (65%) 7 (47%) 8(80%) 4 (67%) 3 (100%)
 Female 12 (35%) 8 (53%) 2 (20%) 2 (33%) 0 (0%)
HIV status
 HIV negative 30 (88%) 13 (87%) 9 (90%) 5 (83%) 3 (100%)
 HIV unknown 4 (12%) 2 (13%) 1 (10%) 1(17%) 0 (0%)
Albumin (35-50 mg/dl)
 Baseline 21 (13–29) 13 (8–16) 25 (22–28) 25 (22–27) 30 (27–33)
 3 months 33 (21–44) 36 (18–43) 38 (30–39) 31 (0) 39 (33–45)
Creatininea (0.2–1.1 mg/dl)
 Baseline 0.9 (0.6–2.8) 0.6 (0.3–1.5) 0.8 (0.6–1.7) 8.0 (7.1–11.9) 2.8 (0.86–3.7)
 3 months 0.8 (0.3–1.0) 0.9 (0.2–1.0) 0.6 (0.3–1.0) 10.5 (0) 0.7 (0.6–1.4)
eGFRa(65–135 ml/min/1.73m2)
 Baseline 47 (26–108) 100 (47–175) 41 (33–95) 6 (4–9) 29 (10–46)
 3 months 76 (56–220) 95 (73–275) 116 (49–164) 57 (56–67)
Hypertension 19 (56%) 7 (47%) 7 (70%) 4 (67%) 1 (33%)
Schistosoma antigen positive 9 (26%) 5 (33%) 1 (18%) 2 (33%) 1 (33%)
Malaria positive 6 (18%) 0 (0%) 3 (27%) 3 (50%) 0 (0%)
  1. CKD Chronic Kidney Disease unclear cause Malaria positive, RDT or microscopy, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, Hb Haemoglobin
  2. aAge and sex dependent