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Table 1 Clinical characteristic of the ΔACI-high and the ΔACI-low groups

From: The relationship between poor nutritional status and progression of aortic calcification in patients on maintenance hemodialysis

  ΔACI-high ΔACI-low P-value
Number 56 (30%) 128 (70%)
Agea (year) 68 (58–77) 65 (58–74) 0.149
Sex, maleb, n 67 (53%) 41(27%) 0.008
Cause of CKD
 DMNb (presence), n 31 (55%) 50 (40%) 0.04
 Chronic glomerulonephritisb (presence), n 10 (18%) 27 (21%) 0.692
 Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney diseaseb (presence), n 3 (5.0%) 5 (4.0%) 0.175
 Othersb (presence), n 12 (21%) 46 (36%) 0.06
 Modality of hemodialysisb    1.00
 HD, n 49 (88%) 111 (87%)
 Online hemodiafiltration, n 7 (12%) 17 (13%)
 Systolic blood pressurea (mmHg) 150 (133–161) 152 (141–167) 0.277
 Diastolic blood pressurea (mmHg) 78 (69–91) 78 (72–86) 0.776
 HTNb (presence), n 34 (61%) 97 (76%) 0.05
 Current smokingb (presence) 10 (18%) 16 (14%) 0.337
 Previous history of CVDb (presence), n 14 (25%) 29 (23%) 0.710
 HDa vintage (months) 22.5 (14.0–60.0) 62.0 (34.0–123) < 0.001
 Serum albumina (g/dL) 3.4 (3.2–3.6) 3.5 (3.5–3.6) 0.004
 CRPa (mg/dL) 0.36 (0.15–0.78) 0.20 (0.06–0.53) 0.015
 GNRIa 89.5 (85.4–93.5) 92.3 (89.3–96.3) 0.002
 GNRIb < 90, n 31 (55%) 36 (28%) < 0.001
 Kt/Va 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1.4 (1.1–1.6) < 0.001
 Serum phosphatea (mg/dL) 5.8 (5.0–6.4) 5.3 (4.3–6.1) 0.005
 Corrected calciuma (mg/dL) 9.2 (8.8–9.5) 9.3 (8.9–9.7) 0.126
 i-PTHa (pg/mL) 149 (113–198) 131(98–174) 0.031
  1. Comparison values are median (interquartile range; IQR)
  2. ACI abdominal aortic calcification index, CKD chronic kidney disease, DMN diabetic nephropathy, HD hemodialysis, HTN hypertension, CVD cardiovascular disease, CRP C-reactive protein, GNRI Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index, i-PTH intact parathyroid hormone
  3. a Mann–Whitney U-test
  4. b Fisher’s exact test