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Table 4 Recommendation summary – Prevention and screening

From: Diagnosis and management of non-dialysis chronic kidney disease in ambulatory care: a systematic review of clinical practice guidelines

  CEBAM USPTF ACP HAS KHA-CARI BCMA UMHS VA-DoD NICE
2012 2012 2013 2013 2013 2014 2014 2014 2015
Prevention and Screening
Prevention
 weight management         
 sodium restriction         
 protein restriction         
 smoking abstinence         
 reducing excessive alcohol intake         
 physical exercise         
Screening
 asymptomatic       
 diabetes   
 hypertension     
 cardiovascular disease   
 acute kidney injury        +
 structural renal tract disease, renal calculi, prostate hypertrophia        
 systemic illness (e.g. SLE, HIV)        
 positive family history      
 hematuria        
 nephrotoxic drugs         ▪*
 smoking         
 age        > 55  
 gender         
 ethnicity      
 obesity       
 occupational hazards        
 socioeconomic disadvantage         
  1. ▪ recommendation, − negative recommendation, * including NSAID
  2. American College of Physicians (ACP), Belgisch Centrum voor Evidence Based Medicine (CEBAM), British Columbia Medical Association (BCMA), Department of Veteran’s Affairs (VA-DoD), Haute Autorité de Santé (HAS), Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO), Kidney Health Australia - Caring for Australasians with Renal Impairment (KHA-CARI), National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE), University of Michigan Health System (UMHS)