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Table 3 Distributions of social worker-assessed baseline psychosocial factors among hemodialysis patients, by domain

From: Association of social worker-assessed psychosocial factors with 30-day hospital readmissions among hemodialysis patients

Psychosocial domain/factor N n (%) P*
Overall Readmitted Not readmitted
Mental health
 History of substance abuse, yes vs. no 680 90 (13.2) 22 (15.0) 68 (12.8) 0.3
 Depression or anxiety, yes vs.no 666 114 (17.1) 21 (14.5) 93 (17.9) 0.5
Social support
 Marital Status 686     0.3
  Never married   239 (34.8) 40 (26.5) 173 (32.3)  
  Married/ domestic partner   213 (31.1) 59 (39.1) 180 (33.6)  
  Divorced/separated/widowed   234 (34.1) 52 (34.4) 182 (34.0)  
 Living alone 688 150 (21.8) 34 (22.7) 116 (21.6) 0.8
 Daily social support 673 469 (69.7) 100 (67.6) 369 (70.3) 0.5
Independence
 Impaired memory 678 106 (15.6) 19 (13.1) 87 (16.3) 0.3
 Employment at assessment 542     0.4
  Employed   43 (7.9) ---** 37 (8.7)  
  Disabled   314 (57.9) 67 (57.8) 247 (58.0)  
  Unemployed   185 (34.1) 43 (37.1) 142 (33.3)  
 Community-dwelling 678 623 (91.9) 135 (91.2) 488 (92.1) 0.7
 Requires ambulatory assistance 683 278 (40.7) 55 (37.4) 223 (41.6) 0.4
Ease of adherence
 Easy to come to dialysis 517 397 (76.8) 92 (80.7) 305 (75.7) 0.3
 Easy to complete dialysis 513 387 (75.4) 85 (75.9) 302 (75.3) 0.9
 Easy to take medications 527 441 (83.7) 98 (83.1) 343 (83.9) 0.8
 Easy to adhere to dietary restrictions 523 332 (63.5) 69 (60.0) 263 (64.5) 0.3
 Easy to adhere to fluid restrictions 519 358 (69.0) 75 (65.2) 283 (70.1) 0.3
  1. *By chi-square test. **Suppressed due to insufficient sample size (n < 10)